The unstated part of the quote (which was obvious to all at the time) is "in the eyes of the law".
No. For example, the phrase shows up in the preamble to the Declaration of Independence (1776) and it is "obvious to all at the time" that it wasn't qualified by "in the eyes of the law".
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
See? No qualifier, explicit or implied.