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Science

'Accidental' Siberian Mummies Part of Mysterious Ancient Arctic Civilization 34

Posted by samzenpus
from the who-are-you-who-who-who-who? dept.
concertina226 (2447056) writes "Russian archaeologists are trying to discover the origins of a group of 800-year-old bodies found just 29 km from the Arctic Circle, which were accidentally mummified by copper when they were buried. The mummies were discovered at Zeleniy Yar in Siberia, in 34 shallow graves, and 11 of the bodies found in the medieval burial place had either smashed skeletons or missing and shattered skulls. They may have been damaged by their peers deliberately to prevent spells emanating from them. There is only one female, a child, who is buried with her face masked by copper plates, and three male infant mummies, who wear copper masks and were bound in four or five copper hoops that each measure several centimetres wide."
NASA

NASA Proposes "Water World" Theory For Origin of Life 115

Posted by samzenpus
from the from-the-water dept.
William Robinson (875390) writes "A new study from researchers at Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory has proposed the "water world" theory as the answer to our evolution, which describes how electrical energy naturally produced at the sea floor might have given rise to life. While the scientists had already proposed this hypothesis called 'submarine alkaline hydrothermal emergence of life' the new report assembles decades of field, laboratory and theoretical research into a grand, unified picture."
Transportation

An Engineer's Eureka Moment With a GM Flaw 357

Posted by samzenpus
from the track-it-down dept.
theodp (442580) writes "Hired by the family of Brooke Melton in their wrongful-death lawsuit against GM, engineer Mark Hood was at a loss to explain why the engine in Melton's 2005 Chevy Cobalt had suddenly shut off, causing her fatal accident in 2010. Hood had photographed, X-rayed and disassembled the two-inch ignition switch, focusing on the tiny plastic and metal switch that controlled the ignition, but it wasn't until he bought a replacement for $30 from a local GM dealership that the mystery quickly unraveled. Eyeing the old and new parts, Hood quickly figured out a problem now linked to 13 deaths that GM had known about for a decade. Even though the new switch had the same identification number — 10392423 — Hood found big differences — a tiny metal plunger in the switch was longer in the replacement part, the switch's spring was more compressed, and most importantly, the force needed to turn the ignition on and off was greater. 'It's satisfying to me because I'm working on behalf of the Meltons,' Hood said. 'It won't bring their daughter back, but if it goes toward a better understanding of the problem, it might save someone else.' Next week, GM CEO Mary Barra will testify before Congress about events leading up to the wide-ranging recall of 2.6 million vehicles."

Comment: Re:Jobs (Score 1) 506

by ka9dgx (#46331473) Attached to: US War Machine Downsizing?

The InterNet was created because the guy in charge of things didn't want a teletype in his office for each and every machine he could access. A network to access all of them, and a single terminal made more sense.

It had NOTHING to do with nuclear war, or reliability, at first.

Comment: Re:Self weaponizing infrastructure. (Score 1) 94

by ka9dgx (#46131999) Attached to: In an Age of Cyber War, Where Are the Cyber Weapons?

Access control lists are not adequate security, no matter how careful you are. You need the Bell-LaPadula or something like it that implements mandatory access controls to actually secure a system.

SELinux is an attempt to push a little bit towards a secure system, but it's not the real deal.

Comment: Self weaponizing infrastructure. (Score 3, Interesting) 94

by ka9dgx (#46130563) Attached to: In an Age of Cyber War, Where Are the Cyber Weapons?

If we started building bunkers out of blocks of TNT, someone would rapidly figure out it was a bad idea.... but not so when it's abstracted several layers deep.

In conventional munitions, it's necessary to deliver an explosive to a target. Thanks to the Unix security model, with its lack of any notion of multi-level security, we've created an entire infrastructure that's ready to self-destruct at a moment's notice. The military went on to actually procure and use multi-level security in a number of cases, while the idea is perceived as impossible, or unnecessary in the civilian space.

All of our Linux, Mac OS, and Windows machines share the same brain dead security model. When you run code, you have to trust it not to be a virtual grenade, each and every time.

The existence of billions of computers which blindly run code without actual security protecting the operating system (as a multi-level secure system does) is astoundingly stupid, and yet 99.9% of the "tech" community is just fine with this state of affairs.

The infrastructure IS the weapon, its your job to change that over the next 20 years.... get crackin'

Comment: Re:Wait so now (Score -1, Redundant) 692

by ka9dgx (#46040079) Attached to: Protesters Show Up At the Doorstep of Google Self-driving Car Engineer

This isn't about being a Luddite, it's about pointing out the economic disparity at play in the world. When you create conditions in the rest of the world such that we give them pieces of paper, and they are willing to die trying to get something to sell for those pieces of paper... we have some social responsibility.

The US exports paper promises of ... (well, nothing actually, Nixon closed the Gold window in 1971) paper, and over throws any resource rich country that wants to sell for some other paper, or... gasp... actual Gold. We've got a gun to the heads of the rest of humanity.... ... is that enough of a rant to show it's not about the technology.... its the economics?

Comment: Missed point - off topic comment to follow (Score 2, Interesting) 112

by ka9dgx (#45906347) Attached to: Security Experts Call For Boycott of RSA Conference In NSA Protest

We're all running systems based on some derivative of Unix. The user based permission model was fine for 1970s computer science departments, but it's totally crap for the world we now live in. We all should be running systems that are at least Orange Book A1 level secure, but we aren't. The resources are available to do it, we could totally pump this out in a year or two in the open source world.... but we won't.

Everyone thinks they have secure enough systems... but they don't, not by a country mile. Nobody seems to understand that trusting applications to do their jobs, and not subvert the systems, is a stupid thing.

We have persistently insecure computing... encryption, even if done perfectly, doesn't help fix that.

Comment: Re: Blind ants, now need to search more branches (Score 1) 275

by ka9dgx (#45906161) Attached to: End of Moore's Law Forcing Radical Innovation

Fair enough... the propagation delays would suck, yes... but we're talking about general purpose computing here, not picosecond timing. The main goal is throughput, and if you can get most of the transistors in the thing doing computation, instead of waiting for the 100 picoseconds they are actually needed, you've solved the "dark transistor" problem.

The gain is from being able to process all parts of a given problem in parallel, so you get at least 1 result per clock.... imagine being able to do 1024 bin FFTs at 1 Ghz, or faster.

You have to route signal, but at least in the bitgrid, that's flexible, and not he huge constraint on things that existing FPGAs force you to work around. You should be able to get 90% usage... I'm writing a simulator to try to figure that out, in Delphi for Windows, it's on GitHub.

Comment: Re: Blind ants, now need to search more branches (Score 0) 275

by ka9dgx (#45897775) Attached to: End of Moore's Law Forcing Radical Innovation

My solution to the dark transistor problem came to me back around 1982... I call it the BitGrid. It's a Cartesian grid of 4 bit input, 4 bit output look up tables. each cell can replicate any logic function, and those tables are the basis of modern FPGAs. The thing that makes the BitGrid different is the total lack of routing fabric. This makes the grid homogeneous and symmetric. As long as you know of a defect in a cell, you can route around it trivially, at load time. You can shift any given logic configuration left, right, up, down, without having to do any work. You can rotate and mirror it.

The down side is that you have to pass through every cell to get from one side to the other... which could be a waste of logic, or a tremendous opportunity to do computing in parallel.

Imagine a big enough grid (lets say 64k * 64k), implemented in CMOS. You could take a program, unwrap all the instructions into their logical equivalents, and then mape all that out into the grid. This would let you run the entire program all at the same time.

Exaflops... here we come.

Comment: Re: Blind ants, now need to search more branches (Score 2) 275

by ka9dgx (#45896027) Attached to: End of Moore's Law Forcing Radical Innovation

All of this points out what I'm saying... they've optimized for small(ish) systems that have to run very quickly, with a heavy emphasis on "routing fabric" internally. This makes them hard to program, as they are heterogeneous as all get out.

Imagine a grid of logic cells, a nice big, homogenous grid, that was symmetric. You could route programs in it almost instantly, there's be no need for custom tools to program it.

The problem IS the routing grid... it's a premature optimization. And for big scale stuff it definitely gets in the way.

I would have a 4 bits in, 4 bits out lookup table as the basis of this, and I call it the "bitgrid".... I've been writing about it for years, feel free to make the chip, and send me an email (or preferably a sample, please)., because that puppy is disclosed as far as patents go.... I have none, and can't now.

You should be able to get a 64k x 64k grid on a chip for a few bucks, in any kind of quantity. It should do Exaflops, or consume almost nothing if you idle it.

Comment: Blind ants, now need to search more branches (Score 3, Insightful) 275

by ka9dgx (#45895013) Attached to: End of Moore's Law Forcing Radical Innovation

Now the blind ants (researchers) will need to explore more of the tree (the computing problem space)... there are many fruits out there yet to discover, this is just the end of the very easy fruit. I happen to believe that FPGAs can be made much more powerful because of some premature optimization. Time will tell if I'm right or wrong.

Comment: Re:"News for nerds??" (Score 1) 934

What do you think the founders believed? In the early revolutionary period, the US had no navy. They issued letters of marque to privately owned, armed ships. As in: private individuals owned war ships.

Wrong... dead wrong. The States each had their own Navy, and they were combined in 1775. The first Continental Navy ship was launched in September, 1775.

I applaud your Libertarian worldview, but it is not consistent with reality in this instance.

% APL is a natural extension of assembler language programming; ...and is best for educational purposes. -- A. Perlis

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