Many projects can't make any headway because numerous citizens' initiatives are blocking things like high-voltage transmission lines
... "It took over 30 years before a power line between France and Spain could be built," recalls an expert on the EU Commission ... In Germany there are also protests against virtually every major project of the Energiewende
The article offers a ray of hope that Europe might establish a process where permits are granted in three and a half years with only one court about to stop the process:
The EU has also taken a brash course on this front: The proposal would make it possible for the 200 top projects in Europe to receive a construction permit within three and a half years -- with only one court that would hear the objections of project opponents.
Of course imagine the outrage if this short-circuiting of the right of protest and judicial review were granted for other types of energy projects
BART was the only chance, and when it wasn't extended many decades ago to encircle the Bay, the situation became irreparable.