Being an admin myself that's had to lock down kit for PCI DSS standards, these work a little differently
1. First you need to be audited by an external auditor that provides the certificate
If you don't follow the rules then no certification, bribes don't work ether, and most of these guys are really thorough.
2. The network needs to be seperated into DMZ and Protected zones, the credit card data only exists within the Protected zone and there's no direct contact from that zone to the internet, it has to go through a hardware firewall via the DMZ to get to the outside.
3. Typically you install software such as NNT or Tripwire, this monitors every change on the box from dll's being replaced to the smallest change such as Antiirus updates. Filtering and managing this can be a full time job as an admin, usually the software has stuff inbuilt to filter down av updates for example.
4. Next you usually have a set of reports usually built into the same monitoring software that run against all the hardware and check a large number of security settings, most of these can be setup via GPO's some can actually lock it down to the point where the hardware becomes unusable so it can be a comprimise sometimes.
5. Section 10 means that all event logs from all devices need to be captured into a database, this also has a reporting mechanism setup for example if someone tries to brute force the firewall within x minuites or so. minimum storage time is 12 months, also there should be off site backups
6. Every month windows updates need to take place, every 3 months there needs to be scans via software such as Nessus internally, external scans usually via the auditor. Every 6 months a review of the firewall rules, updates to all the software such as cisco firmwares etc.
7. 2 factor authentication is mandatory (yubikey and a password), all access to the kit should also be ip restricted.
8. All code is audited, software devs have to go on training courses, read up on security standards (try googling secure string in C#, or wasp)
The paperwork is horrendous, but it's far from checking boxes, a lot of work has to go into hardening kit for the PCI DSS complaince.
Most of the settings you have to change on the kit to harden it usually originate from ether Nessus scans or the complaince reports run from the monitoring software and there's a lot of it.