- students have to pay at least some non-neglible amount of money to prove they're committed to giving their best effort
- students need to pass a difficult entry exam / other to ensure they're capable of graduating
- important subjects for economic development are subsidised to extent that makes economic sense (so e.g. if the country needs 5000 engineers a year, then 5000 engineering places are funded).
- other subjects are subsidised in light of other goals (e.g. 100 funded arts places per year)
- social funding for disadvantaged students remains a seperate program
- if a student doesnt make a subsidised place he pays his own way or does somewhere else with his life
- money to pay for above comes from grad tax, general tax, it's all good