I made a comparison about an India and US in 2015. I would not make such a comparison in 1985. I specifically said "poor is better represented in the Indian political process as they are a bigger voting block."
Your perceptions of India and rest of the world may be coming from a limited world view. There is a phrase in Sanskrit - KOOP MANDOOK.
There is no way most people can depend on public transportation in US for regular commute. The frequency, and reach of buses/trains are incredibly poor in most of US. The exceptions are the few big cities - NYC, Chicago, Portland etc., that too if you live in an area close to a station.
Not even Bay Area - a high populated urban area - you can depend on public transportation for daily commute unless you have an option for point to point travel on BART / bus. Try going from Hayward to San Mateo - 25 minutes if you drive, more than an hour if you take a bus. You only have to cross a bridge!!!
The same with many East coast neighborhoods - try Phoenixville PA to Philadelphia on a SEPTA bus.
It sucks to be poor. But in 2015, its better to be poor in a country like India compared to US as poor as a voting block is better represented and their needs better taken care of...and that includes public transportation.
To get a better perspective on what it means to be poor in United States this book is a good beginning - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel_and_Dimed
I feel the marginal improvement of 40 minutes via a new maglev line for 280KM costing $100 billion is sort of a boondoggle project...and may be a vanity project. The Shinkansen aka Bullet trains are already a costly mode of transportation, tickets frequently costing as much as a regular flight ticket. For the 40 minutes of saving in travel time what will be the hike in ticket price for a project costing $100 billion?
The other end of the equation is Indian Railway - frequently derided as slow, archaic, unsafe etc. by armchair analysts who has never set foot in a train.
A few weeks back I traveled 1800 KM, point to point on a second class ticket which took 22 hours and cost Rs 800 ~ $12 on an Indian train. The ticket was booked online, I produced only a confirmation text message (the website of Indian Railway has improved a lot and is better than AMTRAK.) The summer heat made for a roasting day, but it was safe - probably the cheapest and safest option point to point anywhere in the world. (Indian Railways are super safe compared to driving in an Indian road.)
The same travel will take may be six hours on a high speed line, but will cost $120 or more - which is what a flight ticket will cost in that sector. A majority of Indians who travel by trains will not be able to afford an extra zero in their ticket. (This is what the current proponents of high speed train travel in India ignore or do not understand.)
A version of the above exists for developing countries too...a few months back I was traveling between Washington and Philadelphia on AMTRAK. Only the wealthy - or a professional who gets reimbursed via his office - can afford an ACELA...the tickets were close to $100. Luckily there were enough "Northeast Regionals" for $40 - comfortable and faster than a Greyhound and only $10 more.
What a country like America requires is (arguably) a much more denser railway network (not as slow as the Indian network) but not necessarily a super high speed network where a majority of the population - the lower class, the lower middle class and even the middle class - is priced out. We always forget Japan Railway and China Railway has enough regular trains which are slightly slower but cheaper.
May be I am wrong...automobiles are the preferred mode of commute and the drop in oil prices means flight tickets - and driving - will stay cheaper. So the age of trains in US may be over, purely for economic reasons.
About policemen owning auto-rickshaws - you may find some outlier cases in certain areas of India, but the way you generalize a whole country is illogical and untrue.
There are enough problems in India...but there is no need to exaggerate or generalize such a vast country in broad strokes.
Recently Indian government tried to ban the documentary "India's daughter." The Indian home minister is a seventy plus Rajnath Singh. His first reaction is to "ban" the documentary. He knows "ban" worked in the nineteen fifties, sixties and seventies.
Bihar is THE poorest state in India by many metrics. The way out of poverty and squalor for a majority is getting a good score in the Secondary School leaving exams - or minimum pass the damn exam - where you qualify for state / central recruitment, military, admissions to college and so on.
Just like BRICS, India got BIMARU states - Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh to signify 'sick' states - BIMARU in Hindi means 'unhealthy condition'. Think of a BIMARU state as Appalachia or Louisana, but more downtrodden and poor.
Here is an anecdote from my uncle - who did his MSc in Physics way back in the late 1980's from Kanpur, a big city in Bihar's neighboring state Uttar Pradesh - another basket case. The college he studied is DAV College, Kanpur, next to the big cricket stadium Green Park.
During the exams students were three types of service by the local strongmen - mostly wannabe politicians, with support from the caste based political parties...the cheapest tier will allow you to copy from your notes during the exams. The middle tier will allow you to write the exam from your hostel room. The topmost tier they will find someone else who is an expert in the subject to write the exam for you.
These wannabe politicians later represent the state and its constituents in the local and central governments. And now you can understand where are how the criminality of the typical North Indian caste based politician comes from....its inbred. Only the toughest and the most criminal will survive.
I am from Kerala - an entirely different world from the BIMARU States. Think of upstate New York or Pennsylvania - but more tropical. The world described above is alien to us...just like its alien to you.
I never had an issue with Windows 7 on a core 2.
My old Thinkpad X61 was replaced a few months back with a used Thinkpad X1 for precisely this reason.
Outside of power users like gamers, developers, CAD, Video editing, and other high end users a Pentium is more than good enough.
You are incorrect. At least on Windows 7, try to open a few tabs on a Netbook running an Atom processor, or a laptop/desktop running a Celeron or even a Core 2 processor and you will realize its going to behave like a fully loaded Geo Metro. Forget about running any HD content. May be they will work slightly better running XP or a variant of Linux.
Your questions on different tools/languages do not really make sense unless you are clear about the product you are pursuing. The same about senior/junior programmers.
Though you don't want a take on Agile/Waterfall, from my experience any project which involves serious "design" works better in a waterfall approach because most of the phases of "design" may not be flexible to be accommodated in a two week sprint cycle.
All are from India except for one from China.
BBC has a good report and the photo...http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-29357472
As a tweeter asks..when was the last time we saw women scientists celebrating a space mission?