I have to note that when the employee's views are different from that of an employer, said employee is fired, not executed - he is free to seek out employment in a different company, and to publicly express opinions, even strongly negative, on his former employer. At worst, he can be sued for libel, but that will only work if his claims can be shown to be clearly harmful and false in the court, based on available evidence (and with a presumption of innocence).
And I understand the aspect entirely, but that was precisely my point: this is a fundamental difference in core principles between our societies, which seems to be irreconcilable. To any westerner, the notion that a person can have a death sentence on their head for writing a book critical of some religion is clearly barbaric, regardless of which religion that is - even if it's the one that the person practices themselves.
Precisely. And if you look at the concepts of Islam (and every other major religion), our lives do not end here. This is just a very small portion of our life (as per Quran, just a day or even less), and we will live forever in heaven or hell, wherever Allah decides to send us. So, even if that person is executed, he's just "fired" from this world, and he's going to meet his Lord soon. (FYI, the sentence can only be given in a court of law by a state judge, an average Joe or any other scholar, no matter how big he is, has no right to declare anyone a murtad and urge people to kill him)
As for the anti-Islam books, we don't take the book as something that's just against some religion. It is considered the final religion of the Creator and the Truth. So any thing, whether it be a book or a group, that attacks its foundations (including the Prophet PBUH) is considered a lie against Allah and is dealt with according to Quran and Hadith.
So, from that perspective, we see the societies that have such laws as obviously less developed and backwards (since we had similar harsh laws in our own past, but got rid of them as our philosophical perspective on society, politics and human rights evolved). Even more so, when we see a country which did not have such laws acquire them - as is the case for Pakistan, which did not have Sharia-based legislation until Islamization in 1970s - we see it as a country slipping back from the path of progress into the dark ages.
And we have exactly opposite views of the West, as we see them as people going back to the dark ages, just like it's mentioned in the Quran. It's a total contrast, and I guess we'll find out who was right and who was wrong on the day of judgement. If there is no day of judgement and no Allah, oh well, not much will be lost any way, but if there is Allah and the day of judgement