I am a new Linux user. I'm on 2nd day now. Currently I am trying out Ubuntu, but that could change.
I am looking for a USER FRIENDLY firewall that I can setup that lets me do these things:
(requirement1) set up a default deny rule
(requirement2) carve out exceptions for these programs: browser, email client, chat client, yum and/or apt.
(requirement3) carve out exceptions to the exceptions in requirement2. i.e. I want to be able to then block off IPs and IP ranges known to be used by malware, marketers, etc., and all protocols which aren't needed for requirement2.
(requirement4) it needs to have good enough documentation that a beginner like me can figure it out
Previously, I had done all of the above in AVG firewall on windows, and it was very easy to do...
So far I have tried these things:
(try1) IPTABLES — it looked really easy to screw it up and then not notice that its screwed up and/or not be able to fix it even if I did notice, so I tried other things at that point...
(try2) searched the internet and found various free firewalls such as Firestarter, GUFW, etc., which I weren't able to make meet my requirements.
Can someone either point me to a firewall that meets my needs or else give me some hints on how to make firestarter or GUFW do what I need?