The link in the above post (see parent) seems to be broken for me. I don't know if this happens to be the same book as the one above...
This is the book that my Survey of Programming Languages professor suggested for those of us who came in knowing Java but not C++.
It's nice in that it compares and contrasts many features of both languages (including quite a bit on the STL and writing templates in C++), but I found myself wishing it would have gone into more detail several times - my one gripe is that it doesn't do much more than scratch the surface in several instances.
(apparently, there's at least a couple of "C++ for Java Programmers" books on amazon alone...)
A couple of reference sites I've used in the past:
(Personally, I still shy away from C++ whenever I can...I certainly haven't gotten a comfortably firm grip on it yet.)