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Comment: Re:Can we use this? (Score 1) 154

by HiThere (#49549175) Attached to: Wormholes Untangle a Black Hole Paradox

There are many variations of this. One I *think* works (but I don't have the skill to check) is that the universe is "sort of" like a simulation, where only macroscopic items have a defined state, but the macroscopic items have defined contents and a defined energy spectrum, and when you arrange to "look closely" at one of those items, it alters the state of the rest of the item in a computationally conservative way, such that you can't detect the difference until you start getting really close to the limits of the simulation, at which point you get results that are statisticly chosen to confirm the conditions of the macroscopic item. So if you split off a bound pair of subatomic particles, they are so pair has defined characteristics, but there is no definition of the components until you look.

Think of it as a way of simplifying the model so that it can run faster on the host computer. The actual "host computer" may not really exist, but if it did, this would be the most efficient way to program it.

Comment: Re:14 already executed.... (Score 1) 173

You are assuming that they care. But what they're probably regretting is that they haven't killed all to ones convicted on fraudulent evidence.

O, wait, you said "people". You didn't mean officials.

N.B.: The laws are made and enforced by organizations composed of people who hold power. They *like* holding power. And they are quite willing to kill innocent people to keep it. Some of them would cavail at mass murder.

Comment: Re: It Has Begun! (Score 1) 53

by HiThere (#49504179) Attached to: Resistance To Antibiotics Found In Isolated Amazonian Tribe

You left out 1 1/2 considerations:
1) Most of the antibiotics in use are essentially identical to antibiotics long existing in soil bacteria, and so there will have been a long development process where bacteria resistant to the antibiotic mechanism will have had an evolutionary advantage to compensate for the extra costs (which don't usually appear to be excessively high, probably due to long refinement).

another half) Most bacteria can freely share genetic mechanisms for things like coping with environmental stresses. So when one strain of bacteria develops a capability, it is likely to soon get widely shared with other quite different strains.

So, yeah, keeping resistant bacteria from appearing is going to depend on developing antibacterial mechanisms that there isn't a long history of pre-adaptive mechanism development. And since some of the adaptive mechanisms are pretty generic (like pumping out a wide variety of chemicals that you don't expect to have in your body [think kidneys]) this is likely to be quite difficult.

Comment: Re:I guess he crossed the wrong people (Score 1) 320

by HiThere (#49498193) Attached to: Columbia University Doctors Ask For Dr. Mehmet Oz's Dismissal

The charges (as given in the summary) didn't explicitly mention Monstanto. Personally, I believe that GMO foods are a good long as they aren't patented, and are evaluated for safety by people who don't have a financial stake in the result.


Comment: Re:Mass Murder (Score 1) 249

by HiThere (#49473853) Attached to: Turkish Hackers Target Vatican Website After Pope's Genocide Comment

It all depends on how you define "gens". It originally meant killing all of the descendants of any of several particular individuals. With a modification of that definition to "some great-grandparent", then the US definitely did commit genocide against some native americans. If you modify it to great-great-grandparent, then it is probable that the US committed genocide. If you modify it to great-great-great-grandparent then it is unlikely that the US committed genocide. But there were certainly occasions when it tried.

I will freely admit that I did not examine your links, as I have no way to evaluate their accuracy. Possibly the historynewsnetwork site was trustworty, OTOH, I would not be willing to give much weight to the posting of a columnist unless I knew a great deal about him.

Comment: Re:** CORRECTION ** (Score 1) 199

by HiThere (#49464911) Attached to: Supernovae May Not Be Standard Candles; Is Dark Energy All Wrong?

You definitely need a medium, but the nature of the medium is highly questionable. (You need something to keep all distances from being in the same place, and a sea of virtual particles counts as a medium.)

More precisely to the point, any manifold can be considered a medium to those things that are embedded within it, as it applies constraints to what they can do, defines their neighbors, etc. And moving is done WITHIN the manifold. Please note that this doesn't even need to have a consistent metric to be true, much less any resistance.

Perhaps you use the word differently, but I'm not aware of any formal definition. (Dictionaries don't count, as they are never precise enough when talking about physical phenomena.)

Comment: Re:Dark Energy (Score 1) 199

by HiThere (#49464863) Attached to: Supernovae May Not Be Standard Candles; Is Dark Energy All Wrong?

I agree that the phenomena that the term Dark Energy is used to describe are real. The theory...not so much so. Is there even an agreed upon theory?

FWIW, recently the "standard candle" of supernova brightness has been called into question, so the data may not mean what people have thought they meant.

Comment: Re:Dark Energy (Score 1) 199

by HiThere (#49458937) Attached to: Supernovae May Not Be Standard Candles; Is Dark Energy All Wrong?

What do *you* mean by aether that you can assert that Dark Energy isn't neo-aether? I think what he meant was a sketchy theory that didn't have any really solid evidence, but was widely accepted before being disproven. And that he was asserting that it would eventually be disproven.

Your assertion that it isn't what he meant is questionable.

Comment: Re:Dark Energy (Score 1) 199

by HiThere (#49458921) Attached to: Supernovae May Not Be Standard Candles; Is Dark Energy All Wrong?

1) Different people mean different things by consensus. E.g. some people mean unanimous agreement.

2) You have correctly described much popular commentary in the general press, but there often is an actual consensus underneath what they are saying, they just aren't accurately describing it. And sometimes it's whole-cloth invention. And sometimes its "Many people I've heard from when I asked about it and could get someone to talk to me."

3) The checks and balances are monopoly ownership of the public media and the 1st amendment. Whoops!

Comment: Re:Dark Energy (Score 5, Insightful) 199

by HiThere (#49458865) Attached to: Supernovae May Not Be Standard Candles; Is Dark Energy All Wrong?

That link starts off interesting, and by about the 5th or 6th page becomes just polemic. You need to rewrite every page after the 1st, giving more attention to your theory and less attention to lambasting others.

I *am* of the opinion that when you do this you will end up with many fewer pages, but quite possibly with some decent questions that need to be addressed. E.g., how does your theory account for the proportions of Hydorgen and Helium in the universe. Etc. Don't concentrate quite so much on problems that current theories have trouble with, and pay more attention to deriving the solutions that the current theories have apparently valid answers for. Yes, you need to point out places where your theory is better, but it's even more important to show that you can answer correctly everything that the current theories have correct.

Comment: Re:What the hell is going on a the USPTO? (Score 1) 58

by HiThere (#49454299) Attached to: After EFF Effort, Infamous "Podcasting Patent" Invalidated

That is technical protection, but it doesn't keep someone from getting a patent on it. And the patent will be presumed valid, so you will need to prove in court that your use was prior art. And that's not only expensive, it's dangerous. The court may decline to accept clear, verifiable proof. The patent examiners only look in a few places, and often a trivial change is enough that they won't find the prior art. And this isn't even unreasonable. Consider the number of different terms used to describe running communicating programs simultaneously on multiple CPUs of a multi-cpu computer. Now invent a new term that's also appropriate. See how easy it is. Searching for "woven programming" won't find concurrent programming, or threads, or multi-processing, or... well, any of the other terms used by various groups to describe the same thing.

Comment: Re:What the hell is going on a the USPTO? (Score 1) 58

by HiThere (#49454259) Attached to: After EFF Effort, Infamous "Podcasting Patent" Invalidated

I'm sorry, but the USPTO is doing such a bad job that totally eliminating them would be an improvement. I will agree that a patent system is valuable, but it's also incredibly dangerous and prone to "corruption". (Not in the usual sense, but in the sense of knowingly not carrying out their explicit duties.)

The first step should mean to make patents be required to be sufficiently specific that those skilled in the art (being patented, not of legal interpretation) can reproduce the invention. The second step of the process, if you aren't just going to revoke all exising patents and close the USPTO would need to be to remove the judicial presumption that a patent is valid because it has been issued. I doubt if 50% of the patents should have bee issued. The third step should be to remove the special patent courts, which increase the cost of defense against an invalid patent dramatically, in foster a wierd language such that even normal lawyers aren't allowed to claim to understand what a patent means.

Passing patents up to a higher board of patent office officials will just enshrine the current mode of operation. If you must do that, pass the patent to a board of specialists chosen by lottery from those qualified in the specialty that the patent claims to cover. (Reasons for rejecting that patent by this board cannot include "that won't work" but may include "that's too unclear to understand". In fact, perhaps that should be their only reason for rejection. Perhaps one should also include a requirement for a working model, but I'm unsure about that. Plans for a working model, anyway.)

Comment: Re:It's been nice knowing y'all (Score 1) 417

Excuse me, but what made you think this wasn't a part of the massive interaction called "global warming"...(which has very little to do with your current weather).

Ocean acidification is caused by CO2 being dissolved in the oceans, and the level of solution is in approximate equilibrium with the level of CO2 in the atmosphere (though you need to figure in lots of lag). While the oceans are relatively cool they can absorb extra CO2, as they warm it becomes more "eager" to get out of solution, but with the atmosphere levels of CO2 being high, instead of being expelled into the atmosphere it "tries" to dissolve things. (CO2 dissolved in water is carbonic acid ... H2CO3. A very weak acid.) When the temperature of the ocean is lower, not only is the CO2 more soluble, but the resulting H2CO3 is more stable, and so less acidic.

What's been happening is that as the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere rose, more was dissolved in the (colder) oceans. As things warmed up the ocean has become more reluctant to hold the CO2 that's already been dissolved. But the oceans have so much more thermal mass than the atmosphere, that they've been warming considerably more slowly. Over the last decade, however, their temperature has been increasing, and they can't emit the dissolved CO2 into the atmosphere faster than it's absorbed, because that level is also increasing, so the oceans have become more acidic.

So this is an expected part of global warming, and anyone who is surprised by it just hasn't been paying attention.

You should never bet against anything in science at odds of more than about 10^12 to 1. -- Ernest Rutherford