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Comment Re:Insecurity culture.... (Score 1) 568

I know /. is the home of social Darwinists on the Internet, but one of the things a pension does is shift the enormous responsibility of retirement planning off of ill prepared workers and onto a firm that's capable of managing long term risk.

Just because you or your colleagues can understand the differences between retirement plan types, the foolhardiness of cashing it in early, or what a 401(k) loan costs you in potential lost returns doesn't mean that everyone can. Yes, most large employers have simpler options with 401(k)s now, and you have the basic choice of age appropriate, stable, risky or "OMG scary" funds, but smaller employers can set up retirement accounts that can basically invest in whatever they want. I remember reading about a long-term employee of a dental practice who lost everything in the 2008 crash because their only retirement investment options involved the dentist's various real estate dealings.

Contrast this with a pension, usually invested by professionals using actuarial models, who have decades of time to fix screw-ups, and automatically manage peoples' contributions. It's similar to Social Security -- no matter what anyone says, there will be at least some benefits available to retirees. They won't be as generous as payouts from an incredibly lucky or financially savvy 401(k) investor, but they'll be there. The thing that bothers me is that people who don't understand finances are the best suited to pensions, but they're losing this as an option. If I were growing up in the 60s, and got a plumbers' apprenticeship out of high school, which do you think would appeal more to me?
(a) "Contribute $x per week to the union pension fund, and when you retire, you are guaranteed receive at least $y * (years of service)."
(b) "Here's a mound of paperwork with financial terms you won't understand. Choose a percentage of your income to save. (What's a percentage?) Choose a fund, here's the fees but don't worry about fees. Past performance is no guarantee of future results."

Sometimes, people who are techie and live/work around other techies lose sight of the fact that there are millions of other people in society with them that don't have the capability to understand these things.

Comment Re:Core subjetc my a$$.... (Score 1) 116

Just because someone attends 4 years of college, doesn't mean they learn anything.
I somewhat agree, and I agree with you that scholarships and loans can help someone who has talent but no money. The problem is early access to resources that would develop talented individuals. In other words, if you're smart but stuck in a crappy school, live in a bad neighborhood and have a bad home life, it's going to be significantly harder to get yourself to the point where you would even think about pushing yourself in the sciences.

One thing that I don't agree with is completely dismissing the worth of a well rounded degree and the college experience. Some of the best system admins I've known aren't CS students who went to MIT -- they're linguistics majors, economics majors, etc. I studied chemistry in school for the simple reason that I wasn't as good at math as my engineering peers and didn't want to risk flunking out of an engineering or CS curriculum. It's extremely possible for people to waste 4+ years of their parents' money attending frat parties and come out with a generic business degree to show for it. But in my case and a lot of other peoples' cases, that time between school and the real world makes people more mature, teaches them to deal with others, deal with aspects of a messed up system, and other life skills. I went to a large state university and this goes double in that case -- there, you're a number and you have to work to keep up and seek out help/opportunities. I would think this would be even more applicable in the age of helicopter parenting -- taking someone who has had everything fixed for them and suddenly dumping them into an apprenticeship or OJT wouldn't be the right thing to do. Plus, even if you learn very little in your general education courses, you're -slightly- more rounded than someone who did an electrician apprenticeship, or an ITT Tech style degree. This makes you, IMO, a better conversation partner, student of the world, etc. Yes, some people get nothing out of it, but that doesn't mean no one does. The thing that sucks is the massive debt it puts some people in. If you make it into the Ivy League universities, you're set for life and even if you do run up a big bill, that alumni network just doesn't let people fail. But running up $150K+ for a small private college degree with no name recognition is not as sustainable as it once was.

Comment AP CS students already have advantages (Score 2) 116

I'm glad the College Board is showing a little academic objectivity here, considering the fact that they have the potential to make lots of money off AP exams, increased SAT usage if more students are herded into college, etc. There are several things that AP CS students most likely have going for them that explain any causation:
- They're probably at least halfway decent at math and science courses already, or they wouldn't be on the AP track.
- They go to a good high school, as lousy high schools have lower AP course attendance / exam administration levels.
- They probably have semi-involved parents, or at the very least aren't having insurmountable home front problems preventing them from benefiting fully from school.

On top of that, I'm not sure it's a good idea to force every reasonably logic-minded student to be a "coder." I'm not a coder, I work in IT and use my problem solving/troubleshooting skills to fix things. Yes, I write scripts and automation tools, but it's certainly not Internet-facing stuff. Other people with the gift for logic would make good doctors, traditional engineers (civil, chemical, etc.) or dare I say it, lawyers. Even in a severely changed employment world, I don't see millions of people clustered around cafeteria tables in hipster San Francisco office lofts coding up the next Tinder or Uber. In fact, I'm amazed about how much this latest tech boom is like the dotcom boom...people are running around saying "this time it's different," companies are IPOing with valuations based on the modern equivalent of eyeballs, and no one apparently learned anything from the last boom. There was an article on here last week about how CS enrollment has hit its pre-dotcom crash peak again...hang on tight folks!

I think that if we turn out a whole generation of Java coders who know little about actual computer science, which seems to be the majority now, it'll be the equivalent of the Soviet Union or China trying to rapidly industrialize without having the necessary skills in place. In those cases, it worked but there was a significant skill mismatch, famines, etc. The only reason it worked was because it was forced. I doubt every single smart, talented person in the US is going to want to sit cranking out JavaScript, Ruby or PHP code all day for some phone app...it's just not a sustainable market, especially when wages are headed down and offshoring is constantly being used.

Comment Low cost chip, high cost support (Score 4, Interesting) 91

I'm sure the hardware itself will be cheap. Oracle's hardware is like IBM's mainframes -- they'll practically give away the hardware if you'll burn up MIPS on a regular basis. Even if "give away" is thousands per socket, it's a drop in the bucket compared to the fees for support and any OS licensing. Our relatively large company is a decent sized Oracle DB customer (lots and lots of hosted J2EE enterprisey applications) and the maintenance fees alone, just to be able to run the software, are eye watering.

The problem is that licensing like that keeps all but the most well heeled customers off SPARC, and hence the popularity will never get much higher than it is. Ever since Linux on x86 became a viable alternative, companies without a real need to run SPARC and by extension Solaris on SPARC are migrating away. Even Debian dropped support for its SPARC port.

Whether it's the high cost keeping people off SPARC, or the niche nature of Itanium keeping people off Itanium, a system architecture needs a critical mass of customers with a continued need to run on it to be successful.

Comment Nothing exposed to the Internet is private. (Score 3, Interesting) 18

I've been doing desktop computing stuff for ages, and one of the things you need to take into account is this -- Nothing will ever stop one idiot end user from double-clicking on an attachment, following a link to a cat video, or giving their password to someone over the phone. This could be anyone from the CEO (actually, more likely to be them...) to the lowliest call center person working on what you think is a locked down desktop/Citrix session. Microsoft has gotten better over the years by making the OS and applications usable by a non-administrator, but that's only one piece of the problem. Most large organizations have a hard time patching regular vulnerabilities in their OSes, let alone emergency patching a zero day exploit.

I've always wondered when companies are going to just say "screw it" and give workers back the 2015 version of a green screen terminal to do their work on. VDI is vulnerable, Citrix is -very- vulnerable, and standalone desktops are extremely hard to secure. These "security researchers" have way more resources than an overburdened, understaffed, underfunded and often outsourced IT department. Most companies can't afford to re-architect their network in a "trust-nothing" fashion, or don't want to pay for it because IT is seen as a cost center. What makes this worse is that companies get away with it all the time -- as long as they have their PCI and/or HIPAA audit box checked, they can shrug their shoulders and say "we're powerless to stop them, see, we did everything you asked!" Then, their insurance just pays off the credit card companies and it's business as usual again until the next big hack.

When you can "fix" a security problem by giving away a useless credit monitoring service, there's no incentive to fix the problem.

Comment Right idea, but a big shift (Score 4, Insightful) 317

I've been using Windows 10 for quite a while. The thing that's going to really change on the "enterprisey" side of things is the need to buy the Enterprise version so you can get the Long Term Stable servicing branch, and thus you'll be forced into volume licensing rather than OEM licensing. If you don't, you run the risk of Microsoft introducing a new change in the Current Branch for Business that breaks your applications, with a ticking clock counting down to the time you're forced to accept it. Unlike phones, PCs in businesses typically run applications that, for whatever reason, can't easily be upgraded. I've worked in end user computing for years, and it happens everywhere, in large and small businesses. Entire departments live and die by Excel macros and Access databases. Web applications that are too expensive to upgrade have to keep working. And on and on...

I think the biggest thing that Microsoft needs to get right is stability. Rolling out new features all the time sounds like a really great idea, more Agile, etc. etc. The problem is that to do this with an operating system, those feature changes need to be solid and not break existing functionality. If they got rid of all their QA staff, I hope they're not relying on Windows Insiders to test key functionality. Insiders are generally not running the legacy junk applications that businesses need to keep supported and alive. Insiders are running their general Office workstations, maybe some web browsing, but usually not legacy applications.

One of the things from the past that was nice about a definitive "RTM" line in the sand was that the code was declared feature complete, and most showstopper bugs were squashed before the OS was allowed to be released. Back in the day, it was because you were pressing a million DVDs and your customers couldn't easily download patches, so it had to work. Now, the "ship it, we'll just rush out a patch later" mentality is dominant everywhere. The other nice thing was that when Version X came out, features didn't change until X.1 was ready. With this continuous upgrade cycle, I can see some problems. Maybe this is part of Microsoft's long term strategy -- just kill desktop applications and make everyone run VDI in Azure.

Comment Re:Autism and future employment trends (Score 1) 36

"Where are all the buggy makers going to work when people stop driving buggies?"
Service jobs.
"Where are all of the film developers going to work when people stop using film?"
Service jobs.
"Where are all of the steel workers going to work when we ship our foundries to China?"
Service jobs.
"Where are all of the assembly line workers going to work when we replace them with robots?"
Service jobs.
"Where are all of the secretaries from the pool going to work when we replace them with computers and software?"
Service jobs.

Where are all of the workers in service jobs going to work when the work is automated or offshored? .....

I don't think we've thought through that last one yet, and it's going to be a very messy transition. I highly doubt we'll jump straight to Star Trek universe where everyone has work that's meaningful and rewarding to them. The problem is that this time around, there are no higher-level jobs to retrain for that the average worker can handle. You can't take a factory worker and turn him into a doctor.

Comment Re:Autistic-friendly business environment (Score 4, Insightful) 36

I sure would and I'm not autistic. I can't stand the new "cafeteria table" style open plan workplaces. You can't concentrate on anything, hold a phone conversation with a customer/vendor, or do anything that doesn't involve talking to the 10 other colleagues crammed into your little workspace.

Comment Autism and future employment trends (Score 2) 36

Interviews like this bring up interesting points, especially the "Businesses and autism" part. I'm nowhere near autistic/Aspergers/whatever, but I feel for those who do because I certainly tend towards being an introvert. One thing to think about is this -- with the increasing numbers of people being diagnosed on the autism spectrum, where are we going to employ them?

Software dev and IT used to be perfect places for introverts to work -- good pay, interesting work that doesn't involve a lot of personal interaction, etc. One thing I worry about is that with the current offshoring/outsourcing trend, businesses will continue letting these task-oriented IT jobs move somewhere else rather than have to deal with the "weird IT/dev guys." Increasingly, you need to be an extroverted person to be in IT, because often you're the last man standing in the "onshore team" who has to answer for the offshore teams' latest screwups.

I'm guessing the last places for employment for those who don't want to act like salesmen are going to be in scientific research...unfortunately that's a field that many IT or dev people wouldn't be able to deal with.

Comment Lesson - never chase fads with your education (Score 1, Troll) 67

I graduated in 1997, just in time to watch the tech bubble inflate to full capacity and pop. I wasn't a CS grad, but wound up in IT. I did notice that a lot of people were starting CS majors while I was in school. Are there really only 24,000 undergrad CS students? Maybe they're just talking about people who finish.

There was an NPR piece a while back about undergrad Petroleum Engineering programs being super-hot and producing grads that got 6-figure salaries at the top of the fracking boom. Cue the stories of undergrads taking huge loans out, spending years studying a field that has reduced employment prospects when they get out. (Almost every law school grad is experiencing this now due to some of the same factors we in IT have, such as offshoring and wage deflation.)

The new grad market is ruthless and demand spikes get flattened out way faster than a typical education cycle. Remember the huge boom in the healthcare field for nurses and allied health professions? It's still there but nowhere near what it was a while back. Now with all the insurance companies merging, I'd hate to be a medical office assistant as doctors figure out they can lay off some of the billers and coders.

While it's true that it's foolhardy to "do what you love and the money will follow," students paying big bucks for education need to focus on fundamentals. Take a challenging subject, figure out what you like to do, and work that into your entry level job search plan. Shortcuts to the huge salaries/signing bonuses are only temporary. If you get caught out, and hate what you studied, you're really stuck.

I'm not bragging or trying to hold myself out as a huge success story, but slow and steady has worked well for me. I watched all the dotcom millionaires from a relatively boring, old-line job where I learned a ton of fundamental knowledge that continues to serve me well. Now we're seeing the bubble ready to pop again, complete with the Silicon Valley companies funded with imaginary VC cash catering to new grads with adult preschool work environments. Now is not the time to go into CS -- 5 years ago was the time.

Comment This is a smart move for them (Score 5, Interesting) 172

One problem with Google+ in my opinion was that G+ would be like Facebook if Facebook had perfect information on every one of your habits/actions/locations. When you have to use it to sign in to everything, it approaches the creepy line that a lot of people have.

It's similar to how a lot of discussion forums, etc. encourage or force Facebook logins to post. You'd think that would keep people at bay, but all that vitriolic hatred you see on news forums, etc. is right there next to people's pictures and occupations -- "Joe User - 7th Grade Social Studies teacher at Somewhereville Middle School." I once thought, "No one could be that dumb, posting trash like that as a public figure with their real ID." Sure enough, go look for the person on LinkedIn, there he is with a matching picture, etc. People really have zero knowledge about how social media works, what the companies use the data for, or anything about online privacy.

Comment Re:IT and SW development need better training (Score 1) 132

Show me another Western industrialized country where one can more easily dismiss an employee who isn't working out.
You're partially right. It is really easy for a manager to just say "You're fired, pack up your stuff and leave." My experience working with large companies is that (a) this only happens in very rare circumstances, and (b) the cost to advertise, recruit for, rehire and retrain is high, so unless a worker is a serious drain on productivity or is poisoning morale for everyone else, a lot is done to work with that individual. It's usually only the tyrannical small business owners who pull a Donald Trump in front of everyone, consequences be damned. Even though they know they'll win, companies don't want to spend money or in-house counsel time on employment-related lawsuits. Personal example - I know a manager at the large company I work for who spent a year gathering enough evidence for the dismissal of someone who just wasn't learning their job or making an effort to do so.

This is why large companies love contract labor. They can get rid of them tomorrow if they wish with no repercussions. The downside is a disposable workforce who has nothing invested in the future of the company except for their invoices being paid. Personally, I think a lot of the security problems happening lately are because of the split that happens between "the business" and the offshored/outsourced IT. The outsourcer doesn't care about what happens to the company's data as long as they don't go out of business. Not that FTEs are guaranteed to care either, but the lack of involvement can generate this situation.

Comment IT and SW development need better training (Score 3, Insightful) 132

I really don't want to sound like an H-1B apologist, but I do understand at least partially where companies are coming from. This comes from being on both the worker side of the fence and the "influencing hiring decisions" side, as well as about 20 years' experience in IT. Some people end up doing incredibly well at a job despite the first impression they give, and others really disappoint after a great first impression.

I do think they're going about this "fix" the wrong way, but I can understand why a company would be reluctant to pull someone off the street that they didn't know already in today's hiring environment and just sort of hope they work out. In my experience, the problem is that there are lots of domestic talented people out there who just can't sell themselves to hiring managers. Either they can't write a resume to save their lives, or they interview very poorly. Conversely, the extroverted schmoozers and posers interview incredibly well, especially in front of the management making the hiring decisions. These guys end up getting the jobs, not performing as expected, and we get the "we can't find any domestic talent" meme. The other two strikes against domestic hires are the perceived wage premium, although it usually takes way more in consulting dollars to clean up offshored or H-1B messes, and the fact that there is the offshoring/outsourcing safety valve that allows companies to ignore the first problem (inability to identify and keep talented people.) Bring the wild west of "expert IT recruiters" in and it's a huge mess.

Techies would never even consider unionizing, but I think a professional guild is a way to combat this. Standardize training, and find a way to equitably weed out the empty suits from the really talented who just don't interview well. The problem is that the H-1B or outsourcing route has to be closed off enough to give domestic hiring a shot at working.

Comment Corporate equivalent = Shadow IT (Score 4, Interesting) 154

I have almost exclusively worked for large corporations. In almost every one of them, there has been a central purchasing department that does nothing more than forward orders to a pre-approved supplier. I think you become a pre-approved supplier by kicking back a certain percentage of sales to the purchasing manager.

When faced with this, every place I have worked at has had a shadow IT department. Back in the pre-cloud days, this was the department buying equipment that IT didn't know about simply because the quoted price was too much or it took too long. These days, it's a manager whipping out the credit card and putting company data out on AWS or Azure. The usual "better to ask for forgiveness than beg per permission" applies here, and IT ends up supporting it anyway. Centralized purchasing doesn't work for IT stuff -- it *may* save you money on toilet paper and light bulbs, but IT is too complex to reduce to a line item in a PO.

This is just the government equivalent. The only reason we know about it is because the records are public.

Comment Newsflash, the desperate have computers too (Score 5, Insightful) 176

I just turned 40 and am a happily married guy, so I haven't been "on the market" lately. But, I do know a lot of people, men and women, who are increasingly desperate and affected with the "urge to merge." $300K is excessive, and I think most reasonable people would have seen the light sooner. But I can definitely see this demographic being a good target for con artists. This guy even pushed the Italy button -- what lovesick middle aged woman doesn't dream of some crazy Tuscan romance fantasy?

That said, things are different now and it is harder for older people to find suitable partners -- they're fishing in a dwindling pool full of:
- Unpleasant, bitter divorcees who have had their personalities permanently ruined
- The unmarryable -- men and women -- who haven't been able to attract anyone due to serious flaws of one kind or another
- The permanently single -- aka the creepy 55 year old guy still hitting on women in the bar with no intention of settling down or even being honest

Every woman around my age mentions this as their problem. Some might say they're being too picky, but I definitely see their point. If your choices are limited, and someone suddenly comes along who isn't a player, doesn't live in Mom's basement, and isn't an RMS clone, I could see being very vulnerable.

To iterate is human, to recurse, divine. -- Robert Heller

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