Why should the US and EU regulators reap the big fines when it is the buyers that suffer? Who is going to want to buy those cars that have issues and may not pass inspection? I understand that VW might be forced to fix those cars, but face it, they mucked with the test because to get the performance they advertised they had to fudge the emissions. Now the end buyers have to deal with a car that either passes the emissions with poor performance or pollutes with the better performance. That isn't what the buyer paid for.
They should be forced to buy back all the cars for what the buyers paid or give a large settlement payout to each buyer to cover the fact the worth of the car just plummeted because nobody wants to buy someone else's problems.