If you ask me... Intel, Bottling companies, and others like them, are creating the bulk of the scarcity problem, and they should foot the bill for the additional delivery infrastructure their presence is causing to be required.
I'm not sure how it works where you live but where I am water is metered as it exits the house or industrial facility. This discharge is billed at some rate determined by the local water delivery company. I assume (without any evidence) that China does the same thing. Which means that Intel and CocaCola DO pay for this use. In addition it is China both as a society and the reigning party that gain something from the existence of Intel and CocaCola. It would be up them to determine if the gains outweigh the costs and ensuring that profit (as defined by them) is achieved from the relationship.
"Life is a garment we continuously alter, but which never seems to fit." -- David McCord