On the other hand, if the police has evidence that the computer or phone is yours, and that you have repeatedly used the password to unlock it, then giving the password is not self incriminating.
Give me a fucking break. He had no assets in the United States, was not operating a company in the United States, seems to have had no ties to the United States.
He was selling to people in the United States and made money from that. There's your connection.
$1067.76 per copy sounds a bit low compared to the typical damages per copied mp3.
That's because the law about statutory damages leads to strange consequences.
Statutory damages are up to $150,000 _per infringed work_. If you make one copy of a CD with 20 songs illegally, that's 20 infringed works - up to $3,000,000 damages for ocpying a CD, which is ridiculous. If you make 10 million copies of a CD with 20 songs illegally and sell them, that's 20 infringed works. $3,000,000 for 10 million CDs sold, not bad. If you make 500,000 copies as is claimed here for software that is sold for $1076 per copy, that's _one_ infringed work. $150,000 maximum instead of buying the software for $500 million total, that's a bargain.
Uh.. you'd have a pretty hard time arguing I wasn't authorized to enter your home if you gave me a key. By virtue of giving me the key you've authorized me to enter your home.
Absolutely not. I can give my neighbours my house keys when I go on holiday, so they can enter if there is an emergency. That doesn't give them authority to enter without reason. I had my neighbour's key with authorisation to enter the kitchen to feed the cats while she was on holiday; that didn't give me authorisation to enter her living room or bedroom.
If you are renting, the landlord may have a key, the caretaker may have a key, they both have no authority to enter your home in most situations.
No. If 1) your company IT policy strictly prohibits sharing your password with anyone, including IT support staff (like many policies do), and 2) you access a database using a co-worker's credentials, then it should be crystal clear to you that this access is unauthorized.
Sorry, but if you are authorized to access the computer, and you were stupid and forgot the password, then you are still authorised to access the computer. And using a co-workers password wouldn't take that authorisation away. It's correct that it doesn't give you authorisation either. The authorisation comes from elsewhere.
Considering he wasn't an employee anymore, it doesn't really matter.
Of course it matters. We know the person in question committed crimes (stealing trade secrets), the question is whether charges of "computer hacking" aka unauthorized access to a computer with the intent blah blah blah can be added to the charges.
The same thing with authorized access would have still been "stealing trade secrets" but without the additional charge.
What about an anonymous FTP server? It could be argued it's like an open restaurant, or it could be argued it's like a private home with the door left open, so if you apply the "trespassing" analogy it's not clear at all whether you are "authorized" or not.
The arguing what it's like would be pointless. What counts is whether you have authorisation or not. And whether you have authorisation would depend on the circumstances. For example, if you went to Apple's website and found a page titled "Downloads" you would be authorised. If you found a page titled "Downloads - Employees only" you wouldn't be authorised if you are not an employee.
Many websites have in their EULA somewhere that using someone else's account is prohibited, or that signing up for a second account, or new account if you've been banned, are prohibited. Doing any of these prohibited things could be legally considered 'unauthorized access', even for a normally public website that anyone is welcome to use (Facebook etc.)
Read the court decision. These things could be considered "unauthorised access" by the company, but not legally by the court.
What I worry about with laws like this is where they end. It's fairly common to password-share between employees to get some damn work done, and it's not unheard of to share social site passwords, and I don't think we want these cases to be against the CFAA.
You should read the court decision, and it is might quite clear. First, it's not just unauthorised access, it's unauthorised access plus causing some kind of damage. So the employees trying to get their job done are fine. (Legally. If the employer made absolutely clear that no passwords are to be shared under any circumstances then they could be fired). The same would apply to the social site password. And violating the terms of service of a website doesn't make access unauthorized.
Likewise, the court decision also explains things about "exceeding authorisation". Say a bank manager has authorisation to access the bank's computer to give loans to people. And he gives himself a $1,000,000 loan, repayable at $1 a week. He is surely exceeding his authorisation to give loans, but he isn't exceeding his authorisation to access the computer. He uses his authorised access to the computer to commit what is likely a crime; that doesn't make the computer access unauthorised.
Sharing a password is a federal crime for you or I.
As the court made clear, no, if by sharing you mean "handing over your password to an unauthorised outsider". It may get you fired, but it is not a crime.
Being given a shared password doesn't give you authorisation. Not when the person giving you the password didn't want to give you authorisation, or didn't have the authority to give you authorisation. Using a shared password to gain unauthorised access can of course be a federal crime. Any means to gain unauthorised access can be a federal crime.
Couldn't one argue that authorization was granted by the database when a valid login/password pair was provided?
One could argue so, but one would be laughed out of court. Databases are not authorities who can give or deny authorisation. They are not people, they are not employees of the company, and they are not employees high enough up the ladder in the company to give or take away authorisation.
Fear Uncertainty Doubt The campaign to turn people's opinion has started. It seems that the good people of Britain took by surprise some very powerful goups.
It also took by surprise the likes of lying coward Boris Johnson and lying Gove. These two shit stirrers wanted to gain political points by getting the government in trouble. They were shitting themselves when their campaign was more successful when they thought. They were shitting themselves even more when Cameron stepped back and said "you got us into this shit, now you try to get out of it".
If you want to be an EU citizen, your best bet is to get an EU passport and emigrate. Let the little britainers play their experiment, it's the best of all worlds.
Wrong solution. Throw out anyone who voted to leave the EU. Let them swim to America.
Seriously, anyone saying "if you don't like it, leave" should be automatically punched in the face.
"'Tis true, 'tis pity, and pity 'tis 'tis true." -- Poloniouius, in Willie the Shake's _Hamlet, Prince of Darkness_