from the under-recognized-fields-of-study dept.
William Robinson writes "Sci Tech is reporting that Swedish mathematician Lennart Carleson has won the Abel Prize on Thursday for proving a 19th century theorem on harmonic analysis. His theorems have been helpful in creating iPod. Prof Carleson's major contributions have come in two fields - the first has subsequently been used in the components of sound systems and the second helps to predict how markets and weather systems respond to change. One of Carleson's many triumphs was settling a conjecture that had remained unsolved for over 150 years. He showed that every continuous function (one with a connected graph) is equal to the sum of its Fourier series except perhaps at some negligible points."