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Submission + - Solar Cells Converting Co2 Into Hydrocarbon Fuel Discovered. (nextbigfuture.com)

William Robinson writes: Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have engineered a potentially game-changing solar cell that cheaply and efficiently converts atmospheric carbon dioxide directly into usable hydrocarbon fuel, using only sunlight for energy. This artificial leaf delivers syngas, or synthesis gas, a mixture of hydrogen gas and carbon monoxide. Syngas can be burned directly, or converted into diesel or other hydrocarbon fuels. The discovery opens up possibilities of clean reusable energy.

Submission + - Cheaper Flow Batteries Using Vitamins Discovered (natureworldnews.com)

William Robinson writes: Scientists from Harvard University have discovered how to create flow batteries using organic molecules inspired by vitamin B2, which helps store energy from food in the body. With a few tweaks to the original B2 molecule, the scientists discovered a new group of organic molecules that make good candidates for alkaline flow batteries. The result of the discovery was a redox flow battery that demonstrates an open-circuit voltage approaching 1.2V, with a current efficiency of 99.7 percent and a capacity retention over 99.98 percent per cycle.

Submission + - Is US Money To Pakistan Actually Used For Terror? (timesnow.tv)

An anonymous reader writes: Afghanistan-based portal Tolo News has reported that documents uncovered by Rahmatullah Nabil, former chief of Afghan spy agency — the National Directorate of Security (NDS) — show that the money provided by the US government to the Pakistani military for fighting terrorism is in fact spent by Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) for promoting and supporting terrorism.

Submission + - UDS Releases Images. 250,000+ Galaxies Found in Deep Space. (wired.co.uk)

William Robinson writes: The UDS Project (Ultra Deep Survey), part of UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey, have recently released the final data providing spectacular infrared images of the distant Universe have provided astronomers with the deepest view ever obtained. The UDS mapped a total area four times the size of full moon and detected over 250,000 galaxies, including several hundred observed within the first billion year after Big Bang. This was done since 2005 by observing the same patch of sky repeatedly, obtaining more than 1,000 hours of exposure time and utilizing the power of infrared to provide the deepest view ever obtained over a large area in the sky,

Submission + - 3D X-ray Scans Reveal Details Of World's Oldest Known Analog Computer (thescienceexplorer.com)

William Robinson writes: Antikythera mechanism, the 2,100-year-old mechanism recovered from a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera, was used track the phases of the moon, the position of the sun and moon through the zodiac, the position of the planets, and to predict eclipses. Many of the recovered fragments of the device contain ancient Greek text, mostly unreadable due to corrosion. Over the past decade, new imaging techniques like 3D X-ray scans have provided clearer images of these inscriptions, revealing new details about the device’s function. "It's like a textbook of astronomy as it was understood then, which connected the movements of the sky and the planets with the lives of the ancient Greeks and their environment." said Alexander Jones from New York University. This high-tech relic, which looks like an old clock with bronze gears, was discovered to have been used thousands of years ago to calculate astronomical events and other happenings in space.

Submission + - India Places 20 Satellites In Space Using Single Rocket (indiatimes.com)

William Robinson writes: India's ISRO used its workhorse PSLV-C34 to inject 20 satellites, which includes 17 satellites from various countries like US, Canada, Germany and Indonesia. In the final stages of the mission, ISRO also demonstrated the vehicle's capability to place satellites in different orbits. In the demonstration, the vehicle reignited twice after its fourth and final stage and moved further a few kilometres into another orbit. Also included are couple of satellites from academic institutes, Sathyabamasat from Sathyabhama University, Chennai and Swayam from College of Engineering, Pune.

Submission + - India to Test Reusable Launch Vehicle (indiatimes.com)

William Robinson writes: India will use a mini-rocket with a booster to fly a winged reusable launch vehicle into lower earth orbit on May 23 for demonstrating the technology. Called as RLV-TD, a nine meter 1.7-tonne will be launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. If everythig goes well, it will reach about 70 km from the earth, and will plunge into the Bay of Bengal. This flight is using dummy vehicle to demonstrate hypersonic and aero-thermo dynamics of the winged re-entry vehicle with autonomous mission management to land after passing through very high temperatures during re-entry.

Submission + - Blue Galaxy Found. A Test For Big Bang.

William Robinson writes: Astronomers at Indiana University recently have detected a faint blue dwarf galaxy which can be used as a medium to test the Big Bang Theory. Nicknamed Leoncino, meaning the little lion, the AGC 198691 galaxy is the most metal poor one among the list of discovered galaxies until now. Therefore, Leoncino can be used as a time capsule that will give scientists more insight into the conditions that prevailed right after the creation of the Universe. A metal poor galaxy is in a chemical state similar to the early Universe and it could help contribute to a quantitative test of the Big Bang. The current accepted model of the start of the universe makes clear predictions about the amount of helium and hydrogen present during the Big Bang, and the ratio of these atoms in metal-poor galaxies provides a direct test of the model. The story is covered here too.

Submission + - Black Hole Mass Calculated with Highest Precision

William Robinson writes: Scientists have used the Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) of telescopes in Chile's Atacama Desert to calculate the mass of black hole, at the center of a galaxy called NGC 1332. It is estimated to be 660 million times the mass of our sun. Using ALMA, astronomers have been able to zoom in at the center to get a high-precision view of the swirling gases around the central supermassive black hole. Knowing the distance of the gas cloud from the black hole and using ALMA to clock its speed, a highly precise measurement of the black hole’s mass could be made. The black hole is 73 million light years away from Earth.

Submission + - Terrorists Upset with Egypt Air hijacker

William Robinson writes: Upset with the way hijacking of Egypt Air flight MS181 ended, leading terrorists of the world have issued a statement condemning the actions of Seif Eldin Mustafa, the man who had hijacked the flight to deliver some messages to his ex-wife. ISIS too has condemned the action calling it highly irresponsible act that hurt their professional sentiments.

Submission + - 520 Million Year Old Nervous System Found 1

William Robinson writes: Fossils of an ancient creature resembling a shrimp containing oldest and best-preserved nervous system have been found in Xiashiba area in Kunming, South China. The fossils revealed a long "ropelike" central nerve cord that extended throughout the body, with visible clusters of nerve tissue arranged along the cord, like beads strung on a thread. Even individual nerve structures could be detected. The discovery is important because fossils typically provide scientists with records of bones, teeth, shells and other tough organic structures, while softer tissues generally disintegrate too quickly to be preserved.

Submission + - ISIS terror manual out in open

William Robinson writes: ISIS has issued a chilling guide describing how to carry out 'lone wolf' terror attacks. The 64-page guide was first published by al-Qaeda but has been updated by ISIS extremists to include advice on how would-be attackers can avoid being detected. The 12-chapter manual is also said to reveal how to go online without being detected and how to tell if a spy is trying to infiltrate a small cell.

Submission + - Doughnuts Around Black Hole Found Clumpy

William Robinson writes: The most massive black holes in the universe are often encircled by thick doughnut-shaped disks of material, which ultimately feeds and nourishes the growing black holes tucked inside. Recent observations, done by a team of astronomers have used the NASA NuSTAR and ESA XMM-Newton X-ray observatories to peer inside, shows that, the rotating material is not a simple doughnut as originally thought, but clumpy. Doughnuts around supermassive black holes were first proposed in the mid-80s to explain why some black holes are hidden behind gas and dust, while others are not. The idea is that the orientation of the doughnut relative to Earth affects the way we perceive a black hole and its intense radiation. If the doughnut is viewed edge-on, the black hole is blocked. If the doughnut is viewed face-on, the black hole and its surrounding, blazing materials can be detected.

Submission + - NASA Test Fires RS-25

William Robinson writes: NASA's main engine for Exploration Mission-1 in 2018 RS-25 was test fired. The test was the sixth of seven planned hot-fire trials for the RS-25, which also served as the main engine for NASA's now-retired space shuttle fleet. In future, four RS-25s will power the core stage of the Space Launch System (SLS) megarocket that will launch astronauts in the Orion spacecraft on missions to deep space and eventually on the journey to Mars.

Submission + - Pakistan's role in Mumbai Terror Attack

An anonymous reader writes: Former DG, FIA (similar to FBI) explains where he had reached with investigation about Terror Attack in Mumbai in 2008, that left 166 dead including 4 US citizens.

His article brings following facts:

The following facts are pertinent. First, Ajmal Kasab was a Pakistani national, whose place of residence and initial schooling as well as his joining a banned militant organisation was established by the investigators. Second, the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorists were imparted training near Thatta, Sindh and launched by sea from there. The training camp was identified and secured by the investigators. The casings of the explosive devices used in Mumbai were recovered from this training camp and duly matched. Third, the fishing trawler used by the terrorists for hijacking an Indian trawler in which they sailed to Mumbai, was brought back to harbour, then painted and concealed. It was recovered by the investigators and connected to the accused. Fourth, the engine of the dinghy abandoned by the terrorists near Mumbai harbour contained a patent number through which the investigators traced its import from Japan to Lahore and then to a Karachi sports shop from where an LeT-linked militant purchased it along with the dinghy. The money trail was followed and linked to the accused who was arrested. Fifth, the ops room in Karachi, from where the operation was directed, was also identified and secured by the investigators. The communications through Voice over Internet Protocol were unearthed. Sixth, the alleged commander and his deputies were identified and arrested. Seventh, a couple of foreign-based financiers and facilitators were arrested and brought to face trial.

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