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Submission + - AI Program Can Predict Human Rights Trials With 79 Percent Accuracy (theverge.com)

An anonymous reader writes: Computer scientists have created an AI program capable of predicting the outcome of human rights trials. The program was trained on data from nearly 600 cases brought before the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), and was able to predict the court's final judgement with 79 percent accuracy. Its creators say it could be useful in identifying common patterns in court cases, but stress that they do not believe AI will be able to replace human judgement. As described in a study published in the journal PeerJ Computer Science, the AI program worked by analyzing descriptions of court cases submitted to the ECHR. These descriptions included summaries of legal arguments, a brief case history, and an outline of the relevant legislation. The cases were grouped into three main violations of human rights law, including the prohibition on torture and degrading treatment; the right to a fair trial; and the right to "respect for private and family life." (Used in a wide range of cases including illegal searches and surveillance.) The AI program then looked for patterns in this data, correlating the courts' final judgements with, for example, the type of evidence submitted, and the exact part of the European Convention on Human Rights the case was alleged to violate. Aletras says a number of patterns emerged. For example, cases concerning detention conditions (eg access to food, legal support, etc.) were more likely to end in a positive judgement that an individual's human rights had been violated; while cases involving sentencing issues (i.e., how long someone had been imprisoned) were more likely to end in acquittal. The researchers also found that the judgements of the court were more dependent on the facts of the case itself (that is to say, its history and its particulars) than the legal arguments (i.e., how exactly the Convention on Human Rights had or had not been violated).

Submission + - Apple's Annual Sales Fall For First Time Since 2001 (cnn.com)

An anonymous reader writes: Apple just posted its first annual sales decline since 2001, the year it launched the iPod and kicked off a tremendous run of groundbreaking products. The tech company revealed Tuesday that annual sales fell to $216 billion in the 2016 fiscal year ending September 30, from a record $234 billion in 2015. The sales decline is closely connected to the falling sales for the iPhone, which remains Apple's largest source of revenue. Apple sold 45.5 million iPhones in the September quarter, down from 48 million iPhones in the same quarter a year earlier. That marks the third consecutive quarter when iPhone sales and overall revenue have declined from a year prior. Many analysts have raised concerns that the global smartphone market is saturated. Customers are taking longer to replace their phones. And Apple's latest iPhone is a dead ringer for the previous two models, eliminating some of the desire to upgrade. The good news is that this sales decline may prove to be a blip and not the new norm. Apple is projecting that it will post sales of $76 billion to $78 billion in the upcoming quarter, up from $74.8 billion a year earlier.

Submission + - WiGig will enable untethered, high-fidelity VR and AR

lpress writes: Over 50 years ago, Ivan Sutherland envisioned then built the first head-mounted augmented reality display. This week, testing and certification of WiGig — very fast, short range wireless connectivity — began and it will be in computers, phones and tablets next year. That will enable untethered, high-fidelity virtual and augmented reality.

Submission + - The Sun Newspaper hacked by LulzSec (thesun.co.uk)

FyRE666 writes: As of right now, the website of The Sun newspaper, owned by Rupert Murdoch is redirecting to the Lulzsec Twitter feed. Apparently there's a war raging between the crew of the LulzBoat and the Sun's website admins. Couldn't have happened to t nicer paper.
Media

Submission + - Facebook marketing/privacy issues (computerworld.com)

An anonymous reader writes: Facebook caves in to Beacon criticism Users skeptical the move will allay their privacy concerns; CEO admits 'mistakes' December 05, 2007 (Computerworld) — Several Facebook users said today's announcement that they can now completely turn off the site's controversial Beacon advertising system is not enough to allay their privacy concerns. The social networking firm has been slammed by a firestorm of criticism over privacy concerns about the Beacon system, which was released last month.

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