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Comment Cause/consequence relation ship. (Score 1) 243

SF, LA, Chicago, Detroit, NYC, all full to the brim with ridiculous amounts of homeless people sleeping on the sidewalks
Democrat run cities seem to be the worst, you can check the stats on that one.

You hypothesis : democrats causes homeless people to run amok (democrats run the cities like shit and let such homeless people happen in the open, instead of ... huh.. rounding them all and throwing them into prison ?)

My bat-shit crazy hypothesis :
Cities with the most homeless people, make their inhabitants more aware of the human misery, which in turn encourages the population to vote for democrat candidate, the closest you have in the US to a socialist party who'll try to spend money on health (specially mental health) and other such social program which might help the homeless people's problems ?
(in other words: exposure to homeless people cause population to vote less far-right)

Comment Warranty law (Score 1) 102

Change your US warranty laws, so such bricked device must be replaced for free. (See europe for an example)

(It's a device. It was used as it is supposed to be by the end user. The end user didn't subject it to any abuse.
The device suddenly stopped working unexpectedly. It has to be replaced under warranty).

That will teach the manufacturer of shitty goods.

Comment Plugs standard. (Score 1) 160

The EU can mandate two-pronged mains power plugs as much as it likes, but the UK isn't changing from 3-pronged Type-G, and certainly won't change now.
Don't forget that adapter...

You might not have noticed, but in the UK isn't in the EU anymore...

Nope: In Europe you can encounter plug types C, E, F, G, J, K and L:

I you pay close attention :
- G is only with the weird guy who decided to Brexit any way.
- J is Swiss. See "UK" for more information (and is compatible with C anyway).
- C, E, F, K are all compatible with Europlug (C & E/F). In theory some combination are less safe due to absent grounding, but in practice modern manufacturer tend to build their plugs and socket intelligently (e.g.: notice how the same plug in E & F has contacts for both type of grounding. Same goes for socket which is able to accept a range of prong width). I strongly suspect that Danemark has the same kind of approach to multi-standard sockets as Italy (Haven't been there to check, but adapters seems to be built this way).
- L : that picture is the theory/past history (and the 10A version is still compatible with C anyway). In practice, in italy, you'll find hybrid connectors that can safely accept with grounding the Europlug (E/F) in addition to both Italian (10A and 16A) and the 2 prong C.

So basically, if you have an Europlug (E/F) you can travel all over the European Union and plug your device everywhere (still have to check if it can safely be grounded in Danemark, though).
You'll need adapters only for UK (not in EU anymore), CH (never was EU to begin with, and still compatible with 2 prongs anyway), and for the occasional old Italian house which wasn't converted to E/F/L hybrid yet (and is also compatible with 2 prongs C).

I have traveled a lot within Europe (except Danemark), I speak from practical personal experience.

Comment Renault. Citroen. Others (Score 1) 160

Tesla is coming out with their 4th model. Who else has at least 3?

(Note I'm not counting proto-types, concept cars).

e.g.: Renault.
the "zero emission" (Z. E.) currently familly covers :
- Twizzy : a tiny in-city micr-car/quad (since 2012)
- Zoé : a small compact (since 2012)
- Fluence : a sedan (since 2011)
- Kangoo Z.E. : a pannel-van (since 2011)
(All of them in production. I ignore the concept cars, because they vary a lot regarding final production models - specially the Zoe)
I mostly know them because I'm mainly driving Zoés through the local carsharing, and they have a lot of marketing/outreach.

Note that : due to intricate difference of the European market (densely populated city centers, most people commute less than 50km per day) Renault went the opposite way from Tesla.
- Cheap small cars (Twizy, Zoe) where released from the nearly beginning, whereas Tesla started with big expensive cars first (went through Roadster, Model S sedan, Model X suv, before finally starting Model 3 any time soon).
- Small battery first (22kWh for all first, then progressively intoducing big batteries - like 43kWh for the current Zoe). Tesla would never stood any chance in the US if they didn't have 50~70kWh from the beginning.
- a tiny flea like the Twizy makes entirely sense in the densely populate cities of Europe (continent known for things such as Smart, Mini, etc. and even BMW C3 scooter). Such class of cars barely exist in the US because you people are affraid of being crushed if you don't own the biggest SUV possible. Tesla would have been laughed of if they attempted something like this in the land of the hummer.
- an electric minivan like Kangoo actually makes sense in a dense European city, even with a 22kWh battery - most typical trips for which such an utility vehicle might be needed are well within the battery's range - Tesla isn't even considering minivans yet.

Nissan is partly owned by Renault, so they probably have similar offerings (quick search returns: New Mobility Concept, Leaf, Kubistar).

Citroën/Peugeot has also several electric models :
- C-Zero / iOn : compact (since 2009)
- Berlingo Electric : van (since somewhere 2008? replaces the 1991(!) C15 electric - these are *really* old tech and use NiCd battery) (Again in Europe this did make sens for their use pattern - Post office.)
- e-Mehari : convertible compact SUV (since 2016) ...and a couple of others that I'm too lazy to properly research.

VW has also a certain choice of electric vehicle :
- eUP! : small compact since 2013.
- e-Golf: compact since 2012
- Camper (yup, the iconic one comes back in electric version) : tough still concept in 2017, full production expected in 2020.

More funny example :
The entire fleet in the Swiss village of Zermatt is build by a local small scale workshop since 1977. It covers a very diverse range of vehicle (taxis, utility, etc.) but these are custom built on a per-unit basis (it's a very small production, only for the village) (also, as the vehicles only drive within the village, range is definitely NOT a problem, and the vehicles can very easily benefit from battery swapping).

There are probably other companies featuring more than a single model. I'm just too lazy to research further.
Again, this is due to Europe being a completely different market from the US.
Range isn't much critical (as mentioned above, most daily commutes are under 50km), electricity doesn't rely on fossils, etc.
And as such electric vehicles have been available for quite some time (as mentioned above : Citroen provided the French Post Office with NiCd powered vans since 1991, Zermat has exclusively electric-only cars since 1977 some still running)
The only change is that general public grew more interested during the past decade and manufacturer began introducing mass-produced consumer-oriented vehicle next to their utility vehicles (Citroen adding the C-Zero for consumers to their offerings with more modern 35kWh Lithium Batteries).

Also some cities started to experiment with electric car sharing schemes (Autolib' in Paris).

Most of the companies currently producing electric sedan cars in Europe, probably have also other vehicle in other category (ultra-mini or utility) that you'll never find in the US due to differing market (it seems to me that everybody needs to drive 200km per comute on your side of the atlantic)

Comment Reasons for not Microsoft (Score 3, Informative) 59

In the era of Microsoft's own AV, there is no need for a third-party AV installed on Windows.

Nope, quite the contrary : There IS need for third-parties too.

The more diverse the antivirus landscape is, the more AV virus-writer needs to test their creations against.
Avoid monoculture !
It's harder when a Virus needs to go unnoticed by all of Microsoft AV, Kaspersky AV, Avira, F-Prot, Clam, etc. rather than only the first one on the list.

Comment NOT Anonymous (Score 1) 91

Why do people do bitcoin? 1) To operate anonymously outside the system.


The whole point of bitcoin is that it is *distributed*.
Means every single (full) node on the network has a complete copy of the transaction ledger and can independently verify that a balance is legit.
By definition, on bitcoin network *everyone* gets to see *every transaction*.

Bitcoin is at best pseudonymous :
Transactions aren't linked to your Real Identity (a la Facebook), but to a public key.
That public key require a bit of big data mining in order to map to an actual user, due to constant key change. But not beyond the processing capabilities of a state-level entity (it only stops your neighbour to spy on you).

But none the less transaction is anonymous.

The *real* reason why bitcoin is getting popular is because it is *distributed*. There is no single entity (in theory, short of a 51% attack) that controls the network, there is no "Bitcoin, Inc." on which you can put legal pressure to force blocking transactions.
(As opposed to, say, PayPal and Visa/Mastercard refusing to process donation to WikiLeaks).
So government can see you donating to wikileak, but can't do absolutely nothing to prevent it.

The only real anonymous payment method is actual cash.
(nobody has the power to track all the bill numbers)

Comment Irony (Score 1) 163

A leading "fact-check site" regularly uses this bit of dissemblance to describe right-of-center incidents, while left-of-center equivalents seem to get "True" or at least "Mostly true."

It's fun that in a thread where you criticize fact checking and citing sources, you didn't actually mention which site you're talking about (politifacts, I presume ?) nor precise numbers.

(not that I've pointed to litterary / dictonnary sources either).

Comment Yes, really (Score 1) 160


From that page:

From the top of the same page (emphasis mine):

With new points being added daily, the landscape of UK charging point infrastructure is continually changing.

You might have missed the recent news but UK stopped being part of the European union.
(And EU regulation were big point on Brexiters' agument list).

Now for the detail :
- EU standard is Mennekes and Combo (the later is a backward compatible super-set of the former. You can charge a DC enabled car, with AC Mennekes charger - you'll only be limited to the maximum current of the AC). Together, even in the UK, Mennekes and combo account for more than half the cars.
- Mennekes and Combo are a recent standard (2013). Chademo is still getting phased out (and this will take time until it disappears, as there are still cars using it on the roads - mostly japanese brands where the standard was developed). But you can see on the yearly graph that there is a stagnation of Chademo between 2015 and 2016, and that there's an explosion of Mennekes and Combo over 2014/2015/2016.

If you look at current european car statistics :
- the top selling cars of 2017 (Zoé and Leaf) are Mennekes based.
That gives you a nice idea of where the current trend is heading.

Comment Euro standard (Score 1) 160

CCS doesn't dominant as you suggest.

CSS (a.k.a. "Combo") for DC and Type 2 (a.k.a. Mennekes - the same but without the 2 extra pins for DC) for AC are the two official standard in Europe for electric cars.
Any no-name/3rd-party high-power station I've seen here around feature Mennekes connectors (random example : on the parking lot of local IKEA) or Mennekes+Combo+Chademo (random exemple: the nearest highway gaz station).

It might be different on your side of the Atlantic pond.
But in the old continent, Mennekes and CCS are the dominant connectors by official standardisation.

It's really the same situation as Apple with Lightning Port(NIH syndrome) vs. everyone else micro-USB 2/3 (also an Euro mandated standard).

Though to Tesla's deffense :
- Even if the connector exists since 2009, EU declared it the official standard only in 2013, one year later than Model S' 2012 official launch.
- I've read somewhere that european Tesla's and Super charger network use a modified connector that is more-or-less with a Mennekes-compatible shape (though still doesn't send DC on CCS pins) so at least they're halfway there.

Comment Who pays (Score 1) 160

No. There is a market for other car makers to make and sell the adapters.

Yeah, but who pays for the super-chargers?
- If Renault pockets all the money for Zoé-to-Tesla converters, and Opel pockets the Ampera-to-Tesla, etc. how's Tesla supposed to pay to build the towers ?

Tesla has to contibute in some ways to the converter in order to get cash.
- I suppose there is probably some form of handshaking to validate access for the car/converter (in the past, it used to be that super-charging was a paid separate option)

(And besides, they're the one producing NON-standard connectors.
The rest of Europe has moved to Mennekes for AC and Combo for DC (mostly similar DC goes on 2 extra pin).
Though I've read that Euro market Teslas and chargers seem to have moved to a proprietary that is more or less shaped closer to a Mennekes, so they are at least half-way through.)

They do not want EV sales. And Tesla spots are already full.

The success of EV in Europe begs to differ. (e.g.: Zoé is extremely popular in some markets)

Comment Difference. (Score 1) 163

There's a bit of a difference.

MiniTruth in 1984 was supposed to *decide* (i.e.: unilaterally) what is truth and what is not.
They rewrite what is considered thruth : "We have always been at war with East-Asia".

Fact-checking is supposed (in theory) to be about finding the sources of some information :
They try to find where a thing is comming from : Is the number mentioned by a politician pulled-out-of-his-ass ? or is there a real article/sudy/agency reporting these numbers ?

Well, even if "fact-checking" has recently devolved into "calling each-other liars depending on political agenda".

Comment Plugs : manadotry standards (Score 1) 160

So plugs are an exception now?

Yes, plugs are actually an exception. Really.

Just like the European union has mandated USB charging for phones.
They have also mandated Mennekes for AC charging and Combo for DC charging. (Some but with 2 extra pins for the DC)

(Also same for the 2 pronged un-earthed mains power, and the shutko-like europlug for earthed mains)

Everything is done so that, no matter where you travel across Europe, you can still plug and charge your electrical device, no matter if its a laptop, a smartphone or an electric car.

Comment Standards... (Score 1) 160

Except that the market has already standardized on a different set.
Mennekes connectors are the current standard in Europe.
(And a similar variant "Combo" exist with an extra pair of DC pins)

Tesla's charging connector is the Apple Lightning port of EV.

Menekes and Combo are the micro USB and USB-3 equivalent.
(but with much better interoperability in between: closer to micro-USB 2 to micro-USB 3 rather than the more modern USB-C)

Though for Tesla's defence, even if Mennekes dates back from 2009, it was only declared official european standard in 2013, after the model S got already launched (2012).

On the other hand, from what I've read, Tesla's connector on European cars and european supercharger is modified for better interroperability with Mennekes (Yay !)... but still conveys the DC over the base pins of the european standard Mennekes AC connector, whereas the european standard calls for a Combo conenctor in case of DC.

So at least on the European market, Tesla has put some minimal efforts to be compatible with the rest, but still isn't there yet.

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