Xi reportedly concluded that the best path lay somewhere between these two, with the country needing to decide "which things can be imported but have to be secure and controllable," which tech can be "absorbed for re-innovation," and for "which things we must rely on our own strength and indigenous innovation."
"absorbed for re-innovation,"
Sounds like copying to me...
It is masked but always present. I don't know who built to it. It came before the first kernel.