You're possibly setting yourself up for Alzheimer's. It's been known for a long time that buildup of amyloid plaques is worsened by lack of sleep and vice versa. (Sleep issues show up long before other symptoms of Alzheimer's). This provide a mechanism by showing how the plaques are regularly removed by good sleep.
For extra fun, sleep is also when myelin-repairing oligodendrocytes kick into gear. You probably won't develop MS from not sleeping, but it isn't good for your long-term health, as that function is necessary to the survival of brain cells. This impacts mood, memory, and moral judgement.
Oh, and then there's the fact that lack of sleep disrupts the ratio of leptin and ghrelin in your body, making you far hungrier when awake. This is part of the reason that lack of sleep is correlated with obesity. You also have lower testosterone (impacting your virility) & higher cortisol levels (wrecking your memory and weakening your immune system). Other hormone changes put you at higher risks of type 2 diabetes.
In short, you're killing yourself. Seek help if this isn't voluntary. Prioritize getting more sleep.
But again, although the negatives are greater, there are also positives... people spending money while they'd otherwise be at work, maybe working some side jobs or taking advantage of other opportunities.
Considering that furloughed workers weren't paid during that period and, worse, had no idea how long that period would last, I'd imagine most of them were hoarding their money as best they could.
Also, it's hard to a side job when you have no idea when you can be called back to work at any time. A lot of people working low-end part time jobs have the exact same problem with their main employers demanding Continuous Availability. The days of making ends meet by working two jobs have been replaced with trying to get by on one crappy one in the past few years thanks to the low supply of jobs and high supply of labor.
Electric cars went about 50 to 100 miles almost 100 years ago.
They do the same today.
Hopefully by about 2100, they should go 200 miles.
The "low-end" 60 kW-h version of the Model S gets 208 miles by the more conservative EPA estimate. The more expensive 85 kW-h gets 310 miles by European standards or 265 miles by EPA ones.
Why should WHEN you sleep matter. Night or day, as long as you get the needed sleep.
Some people may simply have a more efficient "cleaning" system, and need less sleep.
But I have other concerns with this finding, because it suggests this fluid replacement only occurs when the brain is not awake, yet we know that there is vast amounts of neural activity when the brain is asleep and dreaming.
Why should WHEN you sleep matter.
Give shift work a go, not just for a couple of days, try it for a few years. It's like a permanent hang over only without the headache. However I agree, according to MRI scans the brain is actually MORE active during sleep than when it's awake, and not just during dreaming. It's an interesting finding but the "hypothesis" in the summary doesn't make sense to me either, nor can I see anything that resembles it in the abstract. Perhaps the "hypothesis" is just the submitter's speculation?
How did all that money just leave the economy?
Money, to oversimplify a bit, is nothing but an abstraction for the value of labor and materials. For over two weeks, nearly 800,000 people did no work and weren't paid any money to buy things with. Private contractors hired by the government had to put their work on hold too. Businesses that rely on the government for services or to give permits required by law to move forward had to halt their businesses and wait. That's just destroyed productivity right there -- work that could be done but wasn't for 16 days.
Economic value out the window.
You also may want to count all the businesses that relied on people who relied on government services -- tourism dollars lost due to parks being shuttered, local businesses that have furloughed employees as customers, etc.
Party whips are near powerless compared to the past in the current environment because of changes to eliminate earmarks and favoritism in the selection of committee members and chairs. The whip cracks the other way today, as seen by Boehner's actions over the past few crises.
How House Republicans changed House rules to prevent Democrats from working with 28 Republicans who would have signed a clean budget bill from bringing the bill to the floor. (aka House Resolution 368.)
For bonus reading:
19 Times Democrats Tried to Negotiate with Republicans to avert the shutdown by sending the Senate's proposed budget to a bicameral conference committee.
That's funny . . . while all of the 800K furloughed gov't workers were getting paid vacations because the idiots in Congress couldn't (and still can't) agree on anything, my (privately owned) small business hired two new folks and signed a multi-year lease to triple our square footage. We *worked* while they sat around and did squat.
"Paid vacation?" Paid vacation is what happens when you voluntarily choose to block off a period of time to relax with work's permission. It's not how I would describe being told that (a) you can't come into work, (b) we won't pay you during this period, (c) you can be called back into work at any time, and (d) we *might* pay you later -- we hope your landlord, your utilities, and your other creditors are okay with that.
You must have no freaking clue what it's like to be yanked around by an employer like that. This is what people at the lower end have to deal with all the time. Ask someone who works retail what it's like to never know what their schedule is going to be too far in advance, because they are expected to be always available to cover someone else's shift. "Yeah, that guy got 4 days off last week? What's his problem?" You don't know what it's like to have a paycheck disappear when you're living paycheck to paycheck and the rent comes due. I've got friends in that boat, so screw you and your entitled perspective.
Coal isn't quite pure carbon. There's oxygens and the occasional nitrogens in the structure too. Graphite is pure carbon, except for hydrogens at the edges.
Let me correct you about the 'web video'. Skype came from Estonia, then it was bought by Microsoft.
As far as OS 'manufacturers', people around the world contribute.
By "web video," I meant sites like YouTube & Hulu, not video chat. Your comment about people around the world contributing is true for large companies, but most of the leadership is from the US.
We need to stop thinking in terms of 'my country made more gooder widgits than your country'. This is the single most devastating thought process which prevents society from evolving.
Oh, not by a long-shot. A little competitive spirit is good for growth, and it's far, far less destructive than ideas like, "Your values are different and thus evil," "It's forgivable when we do it, but an atrocity when you do it," or "If I'm successful, it's all my doing; if I fail, it's all someone else's fault."
Well, you're complaining about one aspect of it. How about the mandate to insurance companies that they can't turn you away for preexisting conditions or drop you after you develop chronic conditions or you reach a lifetime cap on coverage?
Unaffordable without either (a) the individual mandate, or (b) even more massive direct subsidies to private insurers.
I suspect it will be massaged over the years to work out little wrinkles, with the end result being a single payer system.
I disagree, and its one of the reasons that I was so opposed to the ACA at it's time of passage. By establishing the front-lines of the healthcare debate so far in favor of the continued existence of private insurance companies (only regulated), it has insured that the battles will only be fought over how much further right it can be pulled until it collapses, with the Democrats forced to defend their position rather than reform it into something more usable.
The fight over Obamacare will dominate at least the next 10-20 years of politics until it's either pulled down or grudgingly accepted. That's an entire generation that won't receive public healthcare because Democrats were too weak to get a public option put in. Had the public option made it in as an alternative to private companies, we would give the American people a good taste of how a public healthcare system would work, and we might have made it to a single-payer system eventually.
But that was a disaster scenario from the GOP's perspective, so it couldn't happen. Instead, Americans will be faced with exclusively a crappy, expensive hybrid system that's more likely to sour people on public healthcare than to make them embrace it.
I predict that Obamacare will kill any hopes of true public healthcare for at least 50 years. Either it will get pulled down, or it will become so entrenched that even liberals are afraid to attack it (as we see today) for fear of losing the scraps they have. We'll have to wait until the predicted demographic shift kills the Republican Party before there's any hope of real healthcare reform.
Nobody ever scared anyone with tales of $50 ER visits. Who'd buy insurance to cover cheap healthcare?
I keep wanting to respond to this, but I think I just don't actually know what you're trying to say. Could you explain in more detail what your statement is meant to imply? I have no clue.
Are you implying there already is a place with $50 ER visits? Are you implying this would be a bad thing? Are you suggesting this is possible without some sort of public or private insurance system?
(And who the hell modded this complete cipher "Insightful?")
"Inquiry is fatal to certainty." -- Will Durant