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United States

Journal SPAM: McCain Ineligible for Presidency? 7

7 FAM 1116.1-4 Not Included in the Meaning of "In the United States"

([spam URL stripped]; 11-30-95)

a. A U.S.-registered or documented ship on the high seas or in the exclusive economic zone is not considered to be part of the United States. A child born on such a vessel does not acquire U.S. citizenship by reason of the place of birth (Lam Mow v. Nagle, 24 F.2d 316 (9th Cir., 1928)).

United States

Journal SPAM: InfraGuard Prepped for Martial Law: "When" not "If" 2

Today, more than 23,000 representatives of private industry are working quietly with the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security. The members of this rapidly growing group, called InfraGard, receive secret warnings of terrorist threats before the public does--and, at least on one occasion, before elected officials. In return, they provide information to the government, which alarms the ACLU. But there may be more to it than that. One business executive, who showed me his InfraGard card, t

Security

Submission + - Mac, BSD prone to decade old attacks 7

BSDer writes: An Israeli security researcher published a paper few hours ago, detailing attacks against Mac, OpenBSD and other BSD-style operating systems. The attacks, says Amit Klein from Trusteer enable DNS cache poisoning, IP level traffic analysis, host detection, O/S fingerprinting and in some cases even TCP blind data injection. The irony is that OpenBSD boasted their protection mechanism against those exact attacks when a similar attack against the BIND DNS server was disclosed by the same researcher mid 2007. It seems now that OpenBSD may need to revisit their code and their statements. According to the researcher, another affected party, Apple, refused to commit to any fix timelines. It would be interesting to see their reaction now that this paper is public.
Patents

Submission + - Piracy Can Be Good: in non-geek language (theglobeandmail.com)

crazybilly writes: "Explaining why piracy isn't bad for businesses can be difficult, especially when talking to nontechnical people. Globeandmail.com provides an article explaining not only why piracy isn't necessary bad for business buy how piracy has benefited buisnesses and artist (including Hollywood) in the past. Using historical examples, ranging from Daniel Defoe to the VCR, they make a strong case for why the RIAA and company ought to relax."
Databases

Submission + - Best Architecture for Massive Database Scalability

pilbender writes: "I work for a company that uses Oracle. We are having trouble meeting our End User License Agreements which were set up prior to most of the IT staff being hired. This project was acquired from another entity and we are being asked to make it perform over 90% of its transactions in under 2 seconds. One of the issues we face is that these transactions search through large amounts of data, more like a data mining application, but are required to finish in a very short amount of time. It seems to us that these types of operations are mutually exclusive and these concerns have been explained to the current leadership.

I would like to know what the best architecture is for scalability. Is it simply the Oracle 10g grid on cheap Linux servers? Is it better to go to IBM blades? We are using the P570 with Oracle 9i right now and it appears well rated on http://www.tpc.org/. Are there any other sites/resources that provide unbiased information on platform performance and database performance?

We feel we have exhausted options like tuning our queries, bringing in consultants, and fixing the I/O bottleneck. We have moved to a SAN storage array and it has not helped. I would like suggestions from the community on what would best increase performance and future scalability from a hardware perspective. We need to scale the system 20 times what it is now, which is currently around 60k transactions/month. Switching relational databases is almost out of the question, but those suggestions like massive scaling of Postgres would be welcome."
Announcements

Submission + - NEC develops world's fastest SRAM-compatible MRAM

An anonymous reader writes: NEC today announced that it has developed a new SRAM-compatible MRAM (Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory) that can operate at 250MHz — the world's fastest MRAM operation speed. MRAM is expected to be the dominant next-generation memory technology as it realizes ultra fast operation speeds, nonvolatility and unlimited write endurance.
Security

Submission + - Researchers Predict Outcome of 2008 US Election (win.tue.nl) 3

ThisNukes4u writes: "As announced earlier today, Marc Stevens, Arjen Lenstra and Benne de Weger have announced that they can predict the outcome of the 2008 US Presidential Election with 100% accuracy using the Playstation 3. In related news, they have also announced a "Vulnerability of software integrity and code signing applications to chosen-prefix collisions for MD5". Is this the final death knell for MD5 and other similar-length hashes, now that computing power has advanced enough that finding collisions is feasible on modern customer hardware?"
Security

Submission + - Government-sponsored cyberattacks on the rise (networkworld.com) 1

jbrodkin writes: "A new McAfee report finds that 120 countries, notably the United States and China, are launching Web espionage operations. Government-sponsored cyber attacks against enemy countries are becoming more common, targeting critical systems including electricity, air traffic control, financial markets and government computer networks. This year, Russia allegedly attacked Estonian government news and bank servers, while China was accused of hacking into the Pentagon. A McAfee researcher says this trend will accelerate, noting "it's easier to attack government X's database than it is to nuke their troops.""
Graphics

Submission + - AMD R6xx Image Quality Analyzed (beyond3d.com)

Steve Kerrison writes: "The most recent graphics chips to come off of AMD and Nvidia's production lines have added performance boosts and support for DirectX 10. But what about image quality? Beyond3D looks at the image quality features of the R6xx family of GPUs, where AMD has been adding a few tricks:

What follows is our look at AMD R6-series image quality as it stands, and it's one that focuses on the AA down-filter more than anything else. It's where AMD have changed the game the most, introducing forward-looking custom filters...
"

Software

Submission + - The Really Fair Scheduler (kerneltrap.org)

derrida writes: "During the many threads discussing Ingo Molnar's recently merged Completely Fair Scheduler, Roman Zippel has repeatedly questioned the complexity of the new process scheduler. In a recent posting to the Linux Kernel mailing list he offered a simpler scheduler named the 'Really Fair Scheduler' saying, "as I already tried to explain previously CFS has a considerable algorithmic and computational complexity. This patch should now make it clearer, why I could so easily skip over Ingo's long explanation of all the tricks CFS uses to keep the computational overhead low — I simply don't need them.""
Programming

Submission + - Ruby 1.9 to gain huge performance boosts (smyck.de)

hukl writes: "Everyone knows that Ruby is a neat language but it is also very slow compared to almost every other language. This is about to change dramatically. Half a year ago the ruby developers merged YARV (Yet Another Ruby VM) into the Ruby 1.9 source. YARV is a new bytecode interpreter which boosts the execution time of Ruby programs. It is 2-10 times faster than the Ruby 1.8 interpreter. But it also beats languages like Perl and Python.

A couple of months ago a friend of mine ran a couple of micro benchmarks against every language he came across. The result was always the same — Ruby was the slowest by far. Addition, multiplication, function calls — Ruby lost in all of these disciplines. Now with the current 1.9 version I ran these tests again and it turned out that Ruby was faster than Perl and Python, which were far ahead by the time my friend benchmarked those languages.

Ruby 1.9 is supposed to be released on christmas 2007. This is good news for all those Ruby people — and especially the Rails community."

Editorial

Submission + - Linus latest interview--On Tech, Kernel & Indi (openitis.com)

rahulclicks writes: "A BRILLIANT interview by Linus Torvalds on openITis.com — a GNU/Linux/OSS website from India that got launched today. The site's launch got pre-poned to coincide with the day (15th Aug) when India celebrates its 60 years of independance :-) Linux answers around 35 questions put forth by the open source community (the interview was organised by EFYTimes.com). Truly, an amazing, frank interview. Topics discussed range from what textbooks students should read to why there aren't any many notable Indian contributors to the Linux Kernel."

iPhone Root Password Hacked in Three Days 311

unPlugged-2.0 writes "An Australian developer blog writes that the iPhone root password has already been cracked. The story outlines the procedure but doesn't give the actual password. According to the story: 'The information came from an an official Apple iPhone restore image. The archive contains two .dmg disk images: a password encrypted system image and an unencrypted user image. By delving into the unencrypted image inquisitive hackers were able to discover that all iPhones ship with predefined passwords to the accounts 'mobile' and 'root', the last of which being the name of the privileged administration account on UNIX based systems.' Though interesting, it doesn't seem as though the password is good for anything. The article theorizes it may be left over from development work, or could have been included to create a 'false trail' for hackers."

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