This research doesn't change that. What parallel programming is about, is currently three steps 1) find parts of code that can execute in parallel (reasonably simple), 2) make sure there is no shared mutable state (hard), 3) make correct threading implementation (tedious
The problem with todays (OO/imperative) languages and tools is that it is exceedingly hard to make sure that state isn't shared. It is also very hard to test for, and find bugs related to shared state. This research helps with step 2. You still have to figure out where these boundaries are, but you can make sure it is correct, by letting a compiler check this for you. It can also help you with step 3, but if your assumptions are correct that isn't hard in current tools, just tedious. Things like TPL and PLink have greatly simplified step 3), but what I assume MS have found out is that with such power to parallelize, developers are spending more and more time in step 2, thus gaining very little.
Installing huge enterprisey things SAP and Oracle software is harder than using a package manager to install Apache.
Quite a few things, for example less sword rattling in the Iran/Israel region (A war would reduce US purchasing power and affect global economy just like Iraq did). Less of a "trade war" with China (calling them a "currency manipulator on day one" certainly doesn't help trade & relations.
Apart from these things that actually may affect me, I'd enjoy seeing that the greatest power in the world can hold an election that can't be bought or stolen by special interests. Would also be refreshing to see that the greatest democracy in the world have policies on reproduction/abortion/education/science that can't be mistaken for Taliban policies. That, and watching Fox News pundits heads explode for a week.
Life would be so much easier if we could just look at the source code. -- Dave Olson