Let me give you a few more then, at which point you will perhaps stop being obtuse.
1. Chinese value saving money for future and living frugally. US residents value borrowing money to reach higher level of life.
This alone should clue you in to the massive difference of potential outcomes of any financial scenario, to the point of having polar opposite outcome.
2. Chinese do not value individual life but they value groups, clans and family ties. US residents value individuality to a far greater degree.
This causes massive difference in ability to perform large scale mass production projects (infamous "would take me 9 months to hire people to do the project in US and took me 3 days to hire the same people in China" apple moment). It also causes significantly diminished ability to work R&D in both short and long term (look at military development, which still cannot even copy old russian jet engines, much less develop functional ones on their own).
Point is, they have their own strengths and weaknesses based on their cultural approach that are VASTLY different from ours. To assume that these aren't important for the outcome of long-term development is like saying that Asians had as much chance of becoming the colonisers as Europeans did. Yet we know very well that nature of China caused it to both have one continuous civilization for thousands of years, but that civilization was incapable of evolving as fast as Mediterranean (and eventually European) civilizations did.