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Comment Re:Not illegal by my reading (Score 1) 481

First off, wow, you're being an ass.

Second off, instead of bashing me as Some Guy On The Internets, put on your critical thinking cap, read the source text, and educate yourself.

I'll even make it easy for you and copy out the relevant section from page 26 (bolding mine):

Article VII Section 1 SECTION 1 TAXATION. The power of taxation shall never be suspended, surrendered or contracted away. All taxes shall be uniform upon the same class of property within the territorial limits of the authority levying the tax and shall be levied and collected for public purposes only. The word "property" as used herein shall mean and include everything, whether tangible or intangible, subject to ownership.

So for Washington state law, as relates to the state Constitution, "property" would include income.

If your beef is with the word "levy" instead, again, read the source text. You'll find that the word "levy" is used in the more general sense of "to impose or collect by legal authority; the imposition or collection of an assessment". See the Merriam-Webster entry if you'd like.

Search the text of the Constitution itself, and you'll find collocations like the one in the blockquote above, where "taxes" are "levied". Notably, this is not the same thing as a federal IRS levy, which is what you seem to be thinking about. It's important to recognize that different branches and levels of government sometimes use the same terms in different ways.

Cheers,

Comment Re:Not illegal by my reading (Score 1) 481

Yes, I saw that too, in >Article VII Section 1 Taxation, on page 26. However, after searching through the entire document for "property" and "class", the state Constitution does not itself define classes of property, aside from noting in that same section:

All real estate shall constitute one class...

... with further explanation that the Legislature may define other property as exempt from taxation.

So while taxation must indeed be uniform as levied upon a single class of property, I see nothing preventing the Legislature from defining other classes, and then setting different tax rates upon the different classes.

Comment Not illegal by my reading (Score 5, Informative) 481

The relevant sections are on pages 26 and 27 of the Constitution's text, available online here:

http://leg.wa.gov/lawsandagencyrules/documents/12-2010-wastateconstitution.pdf

Specifically (italics mine):

Article VII Section 2 SECTION 2 LIMITATION ON LEVIES. Except as hereinafter provided and notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the aggregate of all tax levies upon real and personal property by the state and all taxing districts now existing or hereafter created, shall not in any year exceed one percent of the true and fair value of such property in money. Nothing herein shall prevent levies at the rates now provided by law by or for any port or public utility district. The term "taxing district" for the purposes of this section shall mean any political subdivision, municipal corporation, district, or other governmental agency authorized by law to levy, or have levied for it, ad valorem taxes on property, other than a port or public utility district. Such aggregate limitation or any specific limitation imposed by law in conformity therewith may be exceeded only as follows:...

There follows three long passages describing the conditions under which such a "taxing district" may exceed the 1% aggregate taxation limit defined previously on page 26. Whether Seattle's particular circumstances meet those conditions, I have no particular comment. I post this merely to point out that Seattle, as a city government, does have a constitutionally viable mechanism for imposing its own tax scheme.

Cheers,

Comment Re:Potential (Score 1) 237

Mea culpa, I used the term incorrectly. I was not intending to reference microkernels, but rather the inclusion of LKMs and associated drivers and firmware for hardware that does not exist on the system.

Another big frustration of mine is improper software dependencies. Several years ago I was trying to remove packages from a Debian system to see how slim I could get it. By attempting to remove one package at a time, I'd get warnings about what depended on various packages, and thus could determine their importance.

I gave up in disgust when attempting to remove "aalib" -- the ASCII art library -- and the chain of dependencies would have rendered the system unusable by uninstalling almost 90% of the system.

I operate on the idea that reducing attack surface is good. Misconfigurations are a big source of security problems. If it doesn't exist, it can't contain an error, can't be broken, can't be abused or exploited, and isn't ever going to cause you a problem.

Comment Potential (Score 4, Interesting) 237

Linux, unlike Windows and Apple's iOS, *can* be made much more secure with a little bit of effort.

How? By not using monolithic kernels that support every device in creation, and stripping the kernel down to what is installed on the system -- especially with things like IOT devices. If it isn't installed, it doesn't need patched, it can't break, and it can't be exploited.

Ditto for added software and apps. Take a look at many of the Linux-based router firmwares out there, both sold by commercial vendors and FOSS projects, and you'll see attempts to compete with high-end Cisco feature sets for home or small business use.

Having that available is great! However, turning all of that on by default, and user thinking they should get something not because it suits their needs but because it supports 10,000 features, gets you a complex, insecure mess.

With Microsoft and Apple you can't remove many of those features. The company controls it and, Enterprise customer with a decade experience or not, you will damn well have Telemetry and like it! And dozens of other "features" that you'll never use, don't want, and just are waiting to get exploited.

Linux gives you the ability to shape much of your own system, including making it much more secure than a run-of-the-mill device. Whether or not you take the time and effort to do that is up to you.

I've seen way to many Linux-based routers and gadgets that are exposed to a network and still have default admin passwords to blame "Linux" for security headaches.

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