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Comment Re:Possibly, Intel (Score 1) 106

I agree. I have an 8 year old desktop Linux PC that plays Netflix, streams youtube, twitch, etc. just fine, and can play 1080p video both x264 and x265 just fine. The x265 stresses the dual core CPU a bit, but no frames lost. It's not my only PC, and it's more of a Linux toy and a backup machine for when my other PCs are busy... but, there's really not much it can't do other than play serious games (though I could upgrade the vid card on the cheap). I could put Win10 on it and it'd likely get more performance out of the hardware... but... there's no real incentive to replace it with a new PC.

My 3 year old quadcore laptop with 20 GB of RAM can virtualize machines for testing while playing Netflix on a 60" TV as a second monitor. The only thing I can dream of ever wanting/needing an upgrade for would be to move to 4K or 8K if/when I get a new TV... maybe for newer video games with VR... but all of that has to do with GPUs, not basic CPUs.

The main difference between the newest offerings and what I have is HEAT and NOISE. My laptop is quiet and cool, but the 8 year old desktop makes a faint fan whine... and can heat up a room noticeably over the course of a few hours.

Comment Re: Mint (Score 4, Insightful) 510

Why should that make you wonder? I "love" my jeep, but I have AAA, know a great mechanic, and I don't even change my own oil. I can change a tire and put gas in the vehicle... but the reason I love it has nothing to do with servicing it myself. I didn't assemble the thing myself, nor do I care to know how the parts all fit together. I just want it to work and if/when something needs maintenance or a recall, I want an alert and easy-to-follow instructions... even if those instructions are to get someone else to service it.

I can't speak for the grandparent post, but for me, that's how it is for Linux. I like what it DOES for me, and I like that it isn't backed by any singular for-profit company that wants to display ads on my machine or mine my personal data for profit.

If/when Linux becomes completely point-and-click or touch-screen / voice only input for settings and servicing, it'll finally reach desktop and tablet ubiquity. Android got a lot of things right that Linux has yet to figure out... Android is technically Linux w/ its kernel, but it's definitely not the same OS as Ubuntu... and it really shows from its market share in everyday user interface land.

The terminal has its place, but it should be a last resort. Windows and Macs have GUIs for just about every setting under the sun. Windows even has "fix me" buttons to click on Microsoft's site for various bugs so one can download a script and run it without ever touching a terminal session... though lately, the most common "fix me" type situations are even embedded into the OS in a troubleshooting section under Windows 10.

There's really no excuse for any help discussion to begin with "first open a terminal and type sudo...." anymore. It's 2017, and we have advanced AI with machine learning algorithms. Please, someone help the Linux community move into the mid 1990s with GUIs. It's really the primary thing that's holding back Linux desktop and mobile acceptance. Servicing Linux when something breaks should be very user-friendly and easy. Breaking things should also be more difficult to do. Self-checks and self-healing should be a regular cron job, updating video drivers should be simpler and there should be an easy option to revert to last-stable... rather than being greeted by a blank screen upon reboot if something broke.

TL/DR
I love an OS when it works like I want it to, but I hate that Linux takes little care in catering to average, modern computer users that are not IT workers. Things should just work, and when the don't work, they should be easy to fix w/ point and click.

Comment Pretty solid (Score 3, Informative) 113

I've been running Zesty for over a month in VMs and on bare metal with no serious issues. I had one bug that threw an error message on startup several weeks ago, but it was patched within a few days... and the bug didn't seem to affect anything. I don't use the default DE, though -- I use Cinnamon, so ymmv with Unity.

My only issues with Zesty are the same as I have with previous releases. Running IPv6 as dual stack with IPv4 is more complicated than it should be... the Gnome network manager doesn't understand IPv6 DNS addresses so it displays part of them as an IPv4 address instead, and samba occasionally flakes out and doesn't see my windows shares, yet will map to them if I run a script to do so (I don't know what's going on there... master browser issue perhaps, but... doubt it!)

I really can't see much of a change from 16.04 LTS or 16.10, but it runs well, and I have no serious complaints. I've upgraded from 16.04 to 16.10 to 17.04 beta without anything breaking, but If your 16.04 works for your hardware and has repos for your software, you may want to stick with it 'til the next LTS. There's no significant changes in this one to convince me it's a must-have. Maybe the next LTS release if it has more Mir or Wayland support and Vulkan drivers.

Comment Re:Full Spectrum Problem (Score 1) 151

With DDR3, one used to be able to read the RAM within about 15 minutes of shutting off a PC. DDR4 took that down to only a few seconds to where it's not really practical anymore (as if immediately moving RAM sticks to a machine to analyze them and figure out which bits are the encryption keys was ever very practical). Each time they increase the speed and lower the voltage, the possibility of using this as an exploit goes down exponentially as the power leaks out of the cells too quickly.

It may fire back up as an issue with future RAM replacements like memristers, though.

Comment OLD NEWS - Get used to disappointment (Score 0) 419

Microsoft said as much way back in January of last year. That's like... 14 months ago. So, they decided on this only about 6 months after Windows 10 came out... or less even. It has nothing to do with the speed of the current roll-out as it was always the plan.

MS expected Vista to die and everyone on 7, 8, and 8.1 to move to Win10 -- some slower than others. They intended to give them legacy support for their current CPUs, but the idea that anyone would intentionally install Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 INSTEAD of Win10 at this point with new CPU architectures wasn't something they expected people to want to do. I don't see them changing their minds NOW about it either.

Frankly, I'm surprised the install disk didn't stop the install if it had internet updates made available and ask if you wanted to upgrade the license to Win10 or just stop the install completely. Windows 7 is almost 8 years old. Its mainstream support ended back in 2015. It's limping along with mostly just security updates 'til 2020 when it officially gets the axe like Vista is now. Why would MS add anything to Win 7, much less support for a brand new CPU when the whole idea is to let those who want to cling to Win 7 and refuse the free upgrade to Win 10 just limp along with minimal support until they can kill support altogether?

For Win 8 and 8.1, mainstream support continues 'til 2018... but seriously, Windows 8 and 8.1 sales have been discontinued... so, they're really only obligated to support architectures that existed up to the point where the sales ended as the licenses were not transferable. Site licenses for large corps might have some room to gripe, but I bet the language is in the contract and EULAs to cover this.

If you're holding out hope this is going to change, all I can advise is to get used to disappointment.

Comment Re:Why drop Vista? (Score 4, Informative) 119

Win 10 runs even better than Vista did on the old hardware -- due in part to streamlining the OS to fit on low-resource PCs to compete with tablets and Chromebooks. Win 10 loads things more intelligently, uses RAM compression, and tries to only load one copy of a cached shared library instead of multiples - one for each app using them. If it weren't for the spyware, adware, and cost, It'd be a decent OS.

I put Ubuntu on our 8 year old Vista machine, but only because it wasn't worth purchasing a Win 10 license.

Comment Re:Now we know where the moral compass is pointing (Score 3, Interesting) 244

Maybe, maybe not. Having charges dropped doesn't mean they can't file charges again later as long as it wasn't dismissed with prejudice.

I think either they are currently using this exploit for other active investigations or they used an illegal exploit and don't want to implicate themselves.

More likely they're still using the exploit and don't want to tip their hand. They could be monitoring another ring, terrorists, etc. If they give up the code, Tor would release a patch, and they'd be done. Stating that they can't offer up the code "at this time" is their key phrasing... as if there's something important riding on this code remaining a useful tool. Or, I could be wrong and they just want to keep using the tool when and where they can and manufacture alternate evidence to point the finger to the bad guys without disclosing the true source of intel.

Comment Re:Deploy malware? (Score 4, Interesting) 244

Tor disables javascript, java, and flash by default... so the exploit must have been in the mozilla firefox code base or the onion routing protocol -- unless they run and/or spy on all the Tor nodes to figure out where things are really being routed.

I've read stories where the feds attempted to shake down libraries to get them to close their Tor nodes, yet the feds run their own. If you control all the nodes, it's easy to figure out the real routing through the onion network.

Comment There used to be (Score 2) 474

I remember when Pentiums were first coming out. P75, P90, P100, P133, P166. They were faster than the 386s and 486sx and 486dx models. The p166 was noticeably more than twice as fast as the P75 on lots of tests. The Mhz and Ghz races are over.

We can't just ramp up cycles anymore with silicon. It puts out too much heat. Multicore doesn't magically make programs faster unless they lend themselves well to parallellization & are coded properly for it. New architectures have been tried, but ultimately fail because they're costly or proprietary. ARM was a pretty good leap forward for mobile use. New instructions are being included in CPUs all the time -- especially ARM. Try to play a HEVC 1080p video on a 2013 tablet vs one today... you'll notice a difference right away. Check the CPU usage -- one's at 100% and dropping frames left and right while the other barely nudges past 15%.

Intel or AMD could sell you a chip with 256 cores on it, but unless you do a lot of video encoding or physics rendering, it'd be wasted on you... and super expensive b/c they have no incentive to make it in volume. Maybe when VR or AI becomes commonplace, you'll drive demand for such architectures.

CPUs are fast enough for just about anything one could think to do with them at a consumer level. GPUs can be made better, but market forces push for low power that's "good enough" for most users. CPUs and even GPUs aren't the bottlenecks anymore -- it's RAM, SSD, PCI-express lanes, various busses like USB, thunderbolt, HDMI, SATA, etc. Doesn't do much good to stuff a really fast CPU or GPU into a system if you can't feed it data fast enough to max it out. Most CPUs already have several layers of cache as well as branch prediction to help with the crippling latency from other I/O, but it's still not enough.

Changes are usually evolutionary, not revolutionary... and we've tweaked so much with CPUs and GPUs, you're not going to see a big bump until we move away from silicon and PCB to say... diamond or carbon nano-wires and optical computing.

Comment Re:There might be light but it is not the big pict (Score 1) 166

I concur with everything you stated -- except about the difficulty of a proper diet and exercise to help you with your type 2 diabetes. I have a close friend that is type 2 and now no longer needs meds thanks to a careful diet. I have other friends and family members that fall into the pre-diabetic range as well and type 2 diabetes is in our families.

Insulin resistance has multiple factors, but diet and exercise is almost always effective. IR is mostly a metabolic issue with muscle tissue -- and just 30 minutes of cardio every day can help a LOT. Muscles prefer to burn sugar instead of fat, so exercise helps re-activate those insulin receptors. Even without exercise, just altering one's diet (no starvation!) can help immensely.

Stay away from HFCS, sucrose (table sugar), and fructose (and any fruit juice that may have it, but isn't labelled as such) -- with the exception of whole fruits. Fructose is converted directly into fat by the liver which creates free-floating blobs of fat in the bloodstream that are correlated with insulin resistance. While fruits do contain fructose, it's in small amounts and almost always comes with fiber! Fiber slows the fructose absorption so it won't shock your liver as much... and fruits are fairly filling with water and fiber considering their low calories. Try to stay away from grapes, though. They have the highest sugar content of most fruits. Eat all the fruits, nuts, sunflower seeds, vegetables, and seafood (except Tuna) you like. (though watch out for bottom feeding fish that may have too much mercury). Omega 3 fatty acids have been shown to decrease insulin resistance and inflammation (great for cardio-vascular system). Minimize your Omega 6 fatty acids as they do the opposite. Also, stay away from red meat. Nuts and seeds are kind of a mixed bag, but the Omega 3s balance the Omega 6s, and fat will signal the satiating response that sugar just doesn't do. One needs fat and protein to "feel full", and lots of water. Chew slowly, eat small amounts at a time, and drink lots of water between bites to help feel full faster.

Look up what an average person of your height, weight, gender, and lifestyle should take in calorie-wise per day, and set that as a target goal to get closer to and/or under. One typically doesn't have to go full-speed starvation mode to lose weight. Track how many calories you're eating per day, and set a goal that's under that if you think you need to lose weight. Move the goal slowly as you do lose weight, and remember if you diet, the first 5 to 10 lbs you lose will mostly be water weight from your liver burning through its glycogen stores, so expect to gain that back rather quickly when you stabilize at a lower weight.

I wish you well in your fight against type 2 diabetes.

TL/DL -- avoid fructose, sucrose, red meat; reduce Omega 6s; eat lots of seafood, fruit, vegetables, nuts 'n seeds

Comment Re: Android is Linux (Score 1) 224

Language is a funny thing, and it's always changing. One of the biggest ways it changes is when people generally accept a term to mean something other than its intent. The most common of these is when a brand name becomes the name of the product or service in the industry.

Laundromat, for instance, was a Westinghouse trademarked brand for an automatic clothes washer; but now it means any coin-operated, cash or credit self-laundry shop.

So, the name Laundromat was a brand name for a line of washers, then a name for a place where those washers were available to the public, and then just a generic term for any place that lets the public do their own laundry by the load for a fee. (IE the whole building and service, not just the washers... even if the washers weren't of the Laundromat brand!) It's not much of a leap for the general public to agree that Linux is now the name of an operating system instead of just the kernel. It's not "wrong" of them to think or say so. Language is about conveying information -- everyone knows what's understood by it. Many of the biggest Linux sites offer "Linux Distros" and talk about the many "flavors of Linux." Nearly every article written for the general public describes Linux as an OS, and IT workers refer to it as an OS when asked which OSes they run/support. Linux may be the name of the kernel, but if the majority of the population agrees that it's also the name of the OS, then it quite literally becomes correct to say so as it's the accepted common usage in the language.

Many things that once meant only one specific thing came to mean everything of a type or even anything that works with that specific thing. That's just how language evolves. It's also how companies lose trademarks -- which is why they defend them vigorously as they go into common usage. I didn't even know Dumpster and Crock-Pot were trademarked, but I'm familiar with Kleenex, Q-Tip, Walkman, Formica, and dozens of others that have since passed into common usage yet still retain their trademark... for now -- many after repeated attempts to dissolve the trademark due to common usage.

Comment Re:CTR was NEVER a good metric (Score 2) 129

Well said, but not every ad is meant to be converted to a sale right away. Often, it's to create or preserve brand recognition so that when you do make a purchase, you're likely to choose their brand over one you've never heard before or haven't seen as prominently.

Web ads were often broken down by impressions (did you see our ad), click-throughs (did you click to learn more or buy), and sales from tracking that click-through (a conversion of the ad into real money). An actual conversion/referral purchase gets the biggest bucks, but the others have some value to the marketer. Marketing departments have x amount of dollars and access to vast databases of consumer behavior to help them find their target market. If an ad network has profiled you according to which sites you visit, what you've purchased in the past, where you live, what your search terms are, etc etc... it knows enough about you to display ads that companies paid for you to see because they decided you're part of their target market or potential target market. Just having your brain register their logo is worth something to them. Marketing departments generally have to spend their budgets wisely, yet also completely to justify their existence... so, they spend the big bucks on stupid things like sports arena branding and Superbowl ads to get major mindshare, but then they spend some on other TV and radio, and the rest on newspaper and internet. Pennies per impression for ads.... it's not terribly expensive for multinational corporations.

I largely agree with your post, but keep in mind that separating you from your money immediately isn't their primary goal, and separating you from your money in general may not even be their goal. You might watch a commercial or see an ad that you find interesting and pass that message along to someone else who will be glad to pay money for the product or service -- and you just disseminated their message for them because you enjoyed their silly/unusual ad.

As an aside, my parents love the Allstate commercials with Mayhem in them. They'll never use Allstate as they love their Nationwide insurance rep. But, they'll talk about those commercials at church and spread awareness which keeps Allstate's name high in customer awareness as well as portrays them in a positive light.

Comment Re:Not about the free market (Score 1) 920

"Claiming that one is pro-free speech while supporting a company that engages in draconian censorship (not merely "supports their right to", but actually supports and patronizes and defends the companies) is akin to claiming to be against racism whilst patronizing and vocally defending a private golf club that doesn't allow black people to enter. Just because they're not the government doesn't magically make it not racism."

You have a very warped, entitled view of companies' right to censor content they choose. Free speech does, as you say, exist outside of the US Constitution as it's a natural right, not one created by the Bill of Rights, but merely enumerated as one the government had no right to infringe upon. What you don't seem to understand is that neither you nor PDP are being deprived of free speech. You merely cannot say whatever you wish on SOMEONE ELSE'S forum. Everyone has the right to say what they wish, but not the right for those words to be distributed far and wide to an audience through a company that doesn't care to participate in disseminating your message. This is as absurd as if you claimed in the 1800's that book publishers dared to censor your manuscript, or even worse -- not to publish it at all! How DARE THEY step on your free speech by not using their money, clout, and good name to publish your work! And introduce you to their sponsors who will help them pay for distributing it! Do you think everyone in the 1800s had a printing press?!?!? Hardly!

You claim that no one owes anyone anything, but you contradict yourself by implying these companies owe you uncensored speech and go so far as to compare their practices with racism within private clubs as some wrong that you feel they have done to you or others, and therefore you are hurt and damaged by this terrible wrong because they OWE you the right to say what you want on THEIR distribution network.

Youtube isn't yours. They owe you nothing. They owe no one anything. They can censor to their heart's desire, and they do censor quite a lot as it is. You think the nudists aren't irked that their innocent videos of natural human nakedness are deemed immoral and often taken down? You don't get to dictate what freedoms you have with other peoples' things by cloaking yourself in "freedom of speech" when you clearly DO have the freedom to say what you please, but if you don't wish to obey the rules or abide by the whims of your sponsors, you must create your own distribution channel. Start your own newspaper, your own web page, or your own streaming site. PDP has tens of millions of dollars -- He could do it if he wished, and he could do and say whatever he wished so long as it was legal... oh, and he wanted to pay for it himself... or find a sponsor that doesn't mind his peculiar sense of humor.

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