>Taxes, some of which will hopefully be paid by these people, reduced benefits from other programs, and reduced administration in running the program.
This tired argument again?
1. These people are getting barely enough money to live on in the first place. They will not be paying taxes. Also, "hopefully" is not a good way to govern.
2. Just _reduced_ benefits? What happened to eliminating those altogether? Reducing won't eliminate overhead.
3. Reduced administration will not pay for the difference. Shall we do some math?
Apparently minimum cost of living is something like $15000/year in the US, so let's set UB to that level. There are 308 million people living in the US. Simple multiplication tells us we need $4.6 trillion/year to pay for UBI.
The total US federal income for 2016 was $3.3 trillion. If the US were to implement a $4.6 trillion UBI program, it would be short $1.3 trillion per year - and that's assuming it is willing to give up completely on healthcare, education, infrastructure, defense, research, fire departments, a police force, etc.
Of course you can just raise taxes... Let's say we just keep defense and interest payments, and get rid of all other US government programs (that means no more social security, medicare, medicaid, unemployment compensation, pensions, the supplementary nutrition assistance program, education, veterans benefits, housing assistance, etc.). That means we still have to somehow come up with $0.9 trillion for defense and interest payments, plus of course $4.6 trillion for UBI. Income taxes would have to be raised from its current level of $1.5 trillon to $5.5 trillion, so each American taxpayer will have to pay 3.7 times as much income tax. If you think that's feasible, great, let's have UBI!
Shall we do it for Finland? The cost of living is at least something like E10800/year (that's for a _student_, living in _student housing_, not for normal families, but hey, let's roll with it). There are 5.5 million people in Finland. UBI for the whole country would cost E59 billion per year. Total government revenue for Finland is E55 billion.
Actually this UBI program is only paying E6720/year. This is below cost of living, so either these people have some other source of income, or they are living in cardboard boxes. Even so, rolling it out to the whole nation would cost E37 billion, leaving precious little for other government expenditures.