I'm not sure when I last saw a bin that didn't include an ashtray in its design. Do people violently oppose installing them where you live?
No, but they're either designed by someone who has never been around smokers and lack a way to extinguish or de-ember cigarettes, they are waterlogged due to bad placement or lack of awning, or if by a miracle they are actual usable ashtrays, they're full of paper waste that others have tossed there, being too lazy to even aim for the hole a few inches lower, making it hazardous to use them as an ashtray.
Egotism and laziness isn't something that smokers have a monopoly on. I remember my old place of work, where the smoking room had a sign saying "If you don't put teabags in my ashtray, I won't put cigarette butts in your tea".
I don't see cigarette butts as more of a problem than leaves or dead insects. Since the 60s, filters are made to dissolve, and the tobacco, well that's leaves. Chewing gum and bottle caps is a much bigger menace in my opinion.