An anonymous reader writes: Why is the news filled with so many accounts of brazen Chinese cyber-warfare? It seems in the late 1990’s and early 2000’s, that Chinese military thinkers were exploring the use of cyber-warfare as part of a new ideas such as “active offense” and “unrestricted warfare” where military operations are conducted constantly and often during peace time to shape future battlefields. These operations were thought to not only to be conducted in the military sphere, but in economic and political arenas too. Some Chinese military thinkers were bold enough to suggest that cyber-operations directed against social, economic, and political targets can be done without fear of such activities leading to large-scale military engagement. This article explores how these ideas are compatible with the attacks we have been seeing as of late.