Hackers asked for 100 Bitcoin ($94,000) to stop the attacks. Lloyds Bank denied it was the target of any cyber-attacks. Nevertheless, four independent sources confirmed the DDoS attacks: Bleeping Computer, Bloomberg, Financial Times, and Motherboard.
The study – published in the peer-reviewed journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society – was based at the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) in Australia. It shows that the phenomenon is more prevalent than previously thought and that it drives gas from galaxies, sending them to an early death by depriving them of the material to make new stars. Toby Brown, a PhD candidate at ICRAR and Swinburne University of Technology, led the study.