FiveThirtyEight looked at modern game theory as it applies to nuclear war, which is largely based on the work of Nobel Prize winning economist (and consultant for Dr. Strangelove) Thomas Schelling. Of course, it wouldn't be interesting if the conclusions weren't counter-intuitive:
A typical Schellingian finding: Imagine you’re Trump or Kim Jong Un, essentially playing a game of chicken. You’re driving at high speed directly toward your opponent who’s also racing toward you. Neither of you wants to chicken out and veer away, but neither wants to die, either. Your best strategy? Rip off your steering wheel, make sure your opponent knows you’ve done so, and hit the gas.