"40% illiterate". Don't be a prick. These people have no idea why their lives are so miserable, how to express that properly or what to do about it. You can't treat people like commodity pigs and then expect them to behave like a college professor. If you push people to the point where they have nothing to lose, they will act accordingly. Also keep in mind that the more literate from these areas have been protesting for years and that things have gone up in flames before (on a smaller scale) in the last two years. Sure, there are opportunists in these riots (the government being one of them), but to completely write this off as a non-political issue is doing everyone a disservice.