Generally I believe it is rivals, not communities of law abiding citizens.
Does that really not make a difference to you?
But that isn't the only kind, organized crime will often try to dissuade competition and create warnings to rivals and send messages with violence. I'm not really sure what I think of that part of it, but I do know that crimes where the action actively intends to send a message should be punished more than crimes with action and no intended message. We as a society have the ability to make laws to try to form a future society in an image we want.
I want a society where there are no people who have thoughts or beliefs which would be considered "hateful", as in racism, sexism, homophobia, etc. By punishing those more harshly I believe it adds momentum toward reaching that destination.
Why is that?
So depressing... I remember back in the day when... ah fuck it. I don't even care about the nostalgia anymore.
The intent of other crime isn't the chilling effect though. So are you arguing intent doesn't matter and only the consequences of actions matter? Because I can eviscerate you on that topic if you want.
Or are you implying hate crime doesn't intend to create a chilling effect? I find it hard to believe you could be so stupid as to think that and simultaneously be capable of operating a computer.
You're a fucking brainiac.