It was only with the advent of national and world-wide markets with a common currency, common laws, i.e the necessities for the formation of the nation state, that commodity production became dominant.
You can look all this stuff up yourself you know... and if you don't really know about the system you were sort of defending in the first place, you REALLY know NOTHING about the resolution to the myriad of capitalist contradictions, i.e communism. You can look that up to, it's all on the web, hidden in plain sight
"What is so dreadfully vicious and worthless in our method of thinking, young man?" [the priest] demanded
"I call you metaphysicians because you reason metaphysically
"The metaphysician reasons deductively out of his own subjectivity. The scientist reasons inductively from the facts of experience. The metaphysician reasons from theory to facts, the scientist reasons from facts to theory. The metaphysician explains the universe by himself, the scientist explains himself by the universe."
"There is another way of disqualifying the metaphysicians
"Yet the thought of Aristotle ruled Europe for twelve centuries," Dr. Ballingford announced pompously. "And Aristotle was a metaphysician."
"Your illustration is most unfortunate," Ernest replied. "You refer to a very dark period in human history. In fact, we call that period the Dark Ages. A period wherein science was raped by the metaphysicians, wherein physics became a search for the Philosopher's Stone, wherein chemistry became alchemy, and astronomy became astrology. Sorry the domination of Aristotle's thought!"
You are explaining the world by yourself, instead of explaining yourself by the world.
The first phase of capitalism began with primitive accumulation, which included the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the looting and genocide of the Americas, without which Capitalism wouldn't have got it's start as a world system divided extremely unevenly between the North and South, or 1st and 3rd worlds, take your pick. Whatever, this wasn't 1000s of years ago.
How about being sure of what you are saying next time?!
"But miss, why couldn't people see how unsustainable, irrational and inhumane the capitalist system was?!? I mean it was a system of exploitation and oppression! I just don't get it!"
Old programmers never die, they just branch to a new address.