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For the first time, scholars and reviewers could quote briefly from copyrighted works without having to pay fees.
Prior to 1909 these arrangements were not unregulated. Often the fees were often nominal or wholly foregone. These fees did not significantly impair the ability of authors to react for and against, or academics to cite, previous work.
Better yet, in fuller response to the ostensible value of *fair use*, a term of 7 years might be more efficacious.