AFAIK, nobody has bothered to do a "proper" blind test of a vinyl vs something else.
Some of us have done is casually: rip a vinyl to FLAC and it still sounds the same.
In my experience, people who are willing to understand the meaning of a double blind test don't need it to know CD is a better format than vinyl.
As for the others, there isn't any amount of double blind testing which will reach them.
WARNING: a lot of vinyl editions of a given album DO sound better (to my ears) than the CD edition of the same album because they have a different masterization, The CD editions often have their dynamic range brick walled into oblivion, while the vinyl edition hasn't. Which is absolutely infuriating, as the CD has a larger dynamic range.
Some proper blind tests have been done of CD vs SACD/DVDA: "Audibility of a CD-Standard A/D/A Loop Inserted into High-Resolution Audio Playback".
Summary: sound engineers, music students and the likes of which can't tell the difference between SACD/DVD-A and the same reduced to CD quality.