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Comment: Re:Not really for mastery ... (Score 1) 75

by phoenix_rizzen (#48858429) Attached to: Book Review: FreeBSD Mastery: Storage Essentials

it's slow unless you through massive hardware at it,

Ran my home file server / desktop PC on a 32-bit Intel P4 with only 2 GB of RAM. Booted off a pair of 2 GB USB sticks (/ and /usr installed there, RAID1 via gmirror), and a 4 GB USB stick for L2ARC, while using 4x 160 GB SATA1 harddrives in a raidz1 vdev. Ran XBMC locally to catalogue all the shows into MySQL, and then to stream the videos to the other two XBMC systems in the house (10/100 Ethernet). No issues watching 480p and 720p shows while others were downloading.

Later, migrated to 4x 500 GB SATA2 hardrives in two mirror vdevs, running same XBMC setup. No issues there, and was even able to remove the L2ARC device as the pool was now faster than the cache.

This past summer, I migrated the system to an AMD Phenom-II X4 system with 8 GB of RAM, and a zfs-on-root setup using 1 TB SATA3 drives (no USB sticks anywhere). Switched to a 64-bit install at this point (no changes to the pool). Switches to Plex everywhere instead of XBMC, and added a bunch of extra services like CUPS. Also does real-time transcoding for the little one's tablet (she uses Plex on the tablet).

No issues to report. No performance issues, even when multiple torrents are downloading while we're watching shows on the tablet and the TV. The pool migrated along between each upgrade (with the exception of the first raidz->mirror conversion that used zfs send/recv). And it's all backed up to an external 3 TB drive via zfs send/recv.

ZFS is only as complicated or as "slow" as you make it.

Comment: Storage Mastery 2 will cover ZFS (Score 4, Informative) 75

by phoenix_rizzen (#48851859) Attached to: Book Review: FreeBSD Mastery: Storage Essentials

I said that this covers *almost* everything you need to know, and the big omission here is ZFS. It shows up, but only occasionally and mostly in contrast to other filesystem choices. For example, there's an excellent discussion of why you might want to use FreeBSD's plain UFS filesystem instead of all-singing, all-dancing ZFS. (Answer: modest CPU or RAM, or a need to do things in ways that don't fit in with ZFS, make UFS an excellent choice.) I would have loved to see ZFS covered here â" but honestly, that would be a book of its own, and I look forward to seeing one from Lucas someday; when that day comes, it will be a great companion to this book, and I'll have Christmas gifts for all my fellow sysadmins.

That's planned as another book in the Storage Mastery series (with a possible third on networked storage). But, whether that book is written depends on how well this first book is received and what his schedule is like for other books. If the first book doesn't sell enough or garner enough attention, then it will be the last one in that series.

There's a bunch more detail on Michael's blog about this.

Comment: Re:Technologically maybe... (Score 2) 93

by phoenix_rizzen (#48803657) Attached to: The Next Decade In Storage

Going from an IBM PC-compatible system with a 4 MHz CPU and a Hercules Monochrome graphics chipset (16 shades of amber FTW!) over to a friend's house where he had a dual-speed external CD-ROM playing Wing Commander 3 with FMV was a quantum leap in computing power (I think it was a 486?).

Going from that IBM PC-comptabile system to a Compaq Presario all-in-one with a 486sx2 66 Mhz CPU, VGA graphics, onboard SB16-compatible sound, and a 19.2K modem was the next quantum leap. Using the computer to browse BBSes and talk with people over FIDOnet around the world blew my teenage mind.

Going from a SoundBlaster 16-compatible sound chipset to a Gravis Ultrasound ACE (and all the extra cables that required) in my own 486dx4 133 MHz system was another quantum leap in computing power. Playing MOD trackers and MIDI files off the Internet just blew my mind. A sub-512 KB file that sounded like a full symphony of real instruments? Mind ... blown!

Going from a 19.2 K modem to a K56Flex modem (the non-standard 56.6 Kbps setup) and connecting to a K56Flex modem pool at the local college and hearing those extra beeps at the end, and actually connecting at 53.3 Kbps was mind-boggling. Under 10 minutes to download 1 MB (or something like that)! Web browsing was now a thing!

But storage hasn't really blown me away. Sure, going from dual 5.25" floppies (under a MB of storage) to single 3.5" floppies (over a MB of storage) to CD-R/RW to DVD-R/RW to USB flash stick was interesting, but not mind-boggling. Going from a 40 MB HD to a 20 GB HD to multi-TB HDs is awesome, but not "mind ... blown" territory. Progress has been steady over the past 20 years without any real giant leaps.

About the only thing in storage that has really amazed me is ZFS and how easy it makes managing storage systems in the 10-100 TB range with disks spread across multiple JBOD chassis. But even that was done in a steady progression over the past 7 years or so, without any real giant leaps.

Maybe if MRAM, RRAM, memristors, and all that other non-volatile RAM stuff actually appears, then storage will be existing again. Otherwise, it'll just continue to plod along, slow and steady, with capacities increasing each year, and prices slowly coming down, and speeds increasing slowly. Storage is actually one of the least exciting areas of technology right now.

Comment: Re:I hope they succeed, but... (Score 1) 426

by phoenix_rizzen (#48793633) Attached to: Chevrolet Unveils 200-Mile Bolt EV At Detroit Auto Show

First, they'll need a high-speed charging network that will allow for long-distance road trips.

Tesla has publically made it clear that anyone can use their SuperCharger network. All the other car companies have to do is follow the Telsa standards for SuperCharging, and not charge their customers to "fill up".

Comment: Re:Why do I want to upgrade? (Score 1) 437

by phoenix_rizzen (#48767533) Attached to: Is Kitkat Killing Lollipop Uptake?

SMS is single-sender to single-recipient. That's the nature of the protocol. There's only room in the headers for a single sending phone number and a single recipient phone number. If you have an SMS app that supports sending to multiple recipients, it's actually sending separate messages to each single recipient (the same way BCC: works for e-mail).

MMS is single-sender to multiple-recipient. And that shows you all the recipients of the message. But, telcos tend to charge for MMS separate from SMS, and you have to do weird "manual downloads" of MMS messages on older devices (even for plain text messages), and it can use your data connection, and and and.

IM systems are better suited for multi-recipient conversations, than SMS/MMS.

Comment: Re:Portability? (Score 1) 131

A single book is portable. A pair of books is doable if you have large pockets or a bag. A selection of books for a long trip is not. Especially if going by bus, plane, or train where you pay by the weight/size of your bags. And it's much easier to pick up new ebooks to read while you are out and about than trying to find a bookstore or suffering through the "selection" of books in gas stations.

There's also several waterproof ereaders and tablets out there, some that are even usable underwater (like the Kobo H20), making them better than paper books.

And ereaders now come with front lighting that makes it easy to read in the dark, without affecting your nightvision too much, or your sleep cycles.

Comment: Re:Wheel Group (Score 1) 118

by phoenix_rizzen (#48629511) Attached to: Grinch Vulnerability Could Put a Hole In Your Linux Stocking

What are you smoking?

Debian installer specifically asks for a root password, won't let you install the system without a non-root users, and there's no wheel group in /etc/group. There is a sudo group that the first user created during the install is added to.

What Debian system are you using?

Comment: Re:Grinch is not a flaw - has no CVE!!! (Score 4, Interesting) 118

by phoenix_rizzen (#48629147) Attached to: Grinch Vulnerability Could Put a Hole In Your Linux Stocking

Which Linux systems include the wheel group? Haven't come across that on Linux systems in years (if ever). That's a BSD thing, where GID 0 is "wheel".

On Linux, GID 0 is "root". Or, at least, every Linux system I've used in the past 10 years (none of which are RedHat, though; they do weird and not-so-wonderful things over there)

One of the first things we do on our Linux systems is create the "wheel" group as a system group (UID under 100), and add our admin users to that group. No users go into GID 0. And sudo is configured to only allow group wheel access to things they need access to.

Comment: Re: Unless it has support for Bitcoin... (Score 1) 156

by phoenix_rizzen (#48610393) Attached to: Small Bank In Kansas Creates the Bank Account of the Future

It's only expensive if you want it to be, or don't know any better.

ING Direct (now Tangerine) offers free banking.

PC Financial offers free banking, and access to all CIBC ATMs.

Valley First Credit Union offers free banking, and access to all credit union ATMs.

There's a few others that offer free banking, but I stopped paying attention awhile ago.

I also stopped banking at the big banks a long time ago (RBC, Scotia, TD, BMO, etc) when they started nickle-and-diming their customers. There's a lot of other banks and credit unions that provide the same or better service for way less fees (or no fees).

It always amazes me how the big banks bring in record profits every years, in the tens of billions of dollars, and still find a need to reduce staff and raise fees every year. And they wonder why they keep losing customers to the smaller banks. :roll-eyes:

We can predict everything, except the future.