This is exactly the kind of issue that should be talked about. I use more than one streaming service and now know not to even bother trying Spotify. This is the market in action, make sure you tell as many people as you can.
Panspermia is the concept of taking one in a trillion odds of a shot hitting the target and firing that shot a trillion times. I'm not particularly advocating for it, but it has at least some basis in plausibility.
We know that rocks from others planets can and do get shot out by meteor impacts on a routine basis as some have landed on Earth. We know that these impacts shoot out large quantities of rocks at a time into space at random directions. We also know that gravitational currents can help objects naturally move between planets.
We also know that bacteria can survive being left in outer space for years at a time. We know that the interior of a meteorite does not particularly heat up upon re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. We know that bacteria are found inside of rocks inside the Earth when we look for them.
Now I'm not going to get into life (bacteria etc) evolving and everything that goes with it. I'm certainly not saying that Panspermia has any evidence of having ever occurred. I'm simply saying that the idea of Panspermia has at least some plausibility as a delivery mechanism for bacteria like life that had already evolved on it's own.
If we ever meet any life that evolved from back then we shall microbes to them as microbes are to us. A curiosity to be studied, and shelved, dissected and put on display.
Your wrong about WMD, the development of the nuclear bomb led the the greatest age of relative calm between wars that man has ever known. The atomic bomb was so effective that it ended WWII without the loss of millions of soldiers from both sides and millions of Japanese civilians. MAD was also the one thing that kept the cold war from going hot. It stopped the Soviets from continuing their takeover of nation states after WWII. It kept the Americans from invading Cuba and sparking WWIII.
Conventional weapons killed tens of millions of people at a world wide scale. Nuclear weapons stopped that and help wars to much small regional conflicts. The death tolls reflect the success of the nuclear weapon as the greatest peace making device the world has ever seen.
It should be well made, Microsoft has been in the hardware business for about 30 years by now. Once upon a time they sold memory and logic boards for computers (they actually started as a Unix shop), things like mice have been getting sold for over 20 years and I've had good luck using their keyboards for over a decade. Their latest mice haven't does as well for me as I would like, but I they actually have a fairly good track record with making hardware (except for the xbox 360).
Every once in a while a post comes along that needs attached to the story instead of the comment section. Editors, this is just such a post.
Out do nothing congress is finally doing something useful. These are the kinds of questions we should be asking before problems start to occur and while there are chances to try to introduce standards. It's like the Toyota sudden acceleration thing, everyone assumed it was careless people until someone did a proper audit and discovered a complete lack of industry best practices that everyone assumed had been in place.
Document the issues so that it is clear you are aware and tried to do something about them. Bring them up verbally to your boss - without being obnoxious about it. Once you've done those than you need to the hardest thing of all which is to let it go. If you make too big of a deal about it you will be seen as a troublemaker. If you do nothing you will be seen as complicit or incompetent if there is a violation.
Now in certain industries you may have requirements (possibly enforced by law) that require you do to more. Most of the time that isn't the case and you have to let it go and move on with other things. Often times disasters are the only way that people higher up the food chain can and will learn.
I recall when Nimda was making it's rounds in 2000. I was aware of the worm, had the patches downloaded, instructions printed and had requested permission to patch servers. Permission was denied. I asked again, it was denied again. I had awareness of the issue, my statement of the severity and denial all in writing.
I watched a fortune 25 company go down for 2 days and lose $100 million dollars and countless workers get sent home when their facilities were rendered useless. As a result an inflexible policy was changed and any number of people were fired or disciplined. Because I had documented everything I was just about the one person nobody faulted.
I'm no fan of Neo Nazi's, but this strikes me as crossing over to the realm of thought crimes and criminalizing unpleasant people. Look at what they are trying to do, identify music as being wrong and identify a group of people as being wrong. Now take this same technology and remember that it can be used on other groups. What about using this technology to identify gangbangers that like gangsta rape or hackers since we know that they like techno?
The stereotypes are bunk of course and many people listen to music of multiple genres. From heavy metal bands that are classically trained and influenced (Metallica S&M etc) and so on. The whole thing stinks of trying to outlaw certain types of people simply based on who they self identify as. Society should stick with outlawing behaviors and stop being so judgmental of others. Slipper slope over here...
You need to show how much of your time is being spent on stuff is help desk, desktop support and so on. You then need to document your cost that is being spent on these activities each week in terms of salary plus benefits (HR can get this for you, typically 1.5 times salary). You then need to document your opportunity cost for those things that you aren't working on that the business needs (systems that support business functions).
If you can do this than you can show how your company is spending by using programmers as help desk staff. It likely won't take very many hours a week of help desk time to justify paying for a couple help desk staff. The biggest thing is the opportunity cost to the business in terms of what you aren't working on during those hours. If the numbers don't add up than it doesn't justify to hire your staff, if they do than it does.
Okay, I'm going to try and explain it to you step by step because you are talking about things that are completely unrelated. I never said anything about the pay that tenured professors make, nor did I talk about the drain that the professors make on the resources of the institution.
What I talked about was the disproportionate level of power that is seated in the hands of tenured professors. Tenured professors have an attitude of entitlement that they do not have to answer to anyone, most especially the world outside of academia. Tenured professors then create an ivory tower that is disconnected from the real world because they do not need to have any connection to it.
The result is that degree programs often do not have any connection to the outside world and programs are created that do not serve the public or private sector and therefore do not serve their students. In parts of Europe the problem is so bad that many companies won't touch a graduate without two years of unpaid free labor just to show that they have gained some actual real world knowledge.
In other fields departments do nothing but churn out students for degrees that have little or no prospects for a job as certain fields simply have far fewer positions than degrees are granted for each year. The net result is that those students are forced by a job market that does not have enough jobs for their field to become the proverbial PhD at a fast food job while they compete for a too few positions with all of their previous classmates.
Words like best practices, ITIL, industry, government, the private world are answered with "that's not how we do things around here" - and it doesn't matter what the subject is. I have seen this attitude up close and personal with tenured professors routinely doing things that would get them fired in any other setting that didn't have anything to do with free speech.
All of this has absolutely nothing to do with the ultra-wealthy (whom I do not care for and am not defending) or the business world and everything to do with the Ivory Tower and it's disconnect from the real world.
The fact that a few professors (the chosen few that run each department, choose the curriculum and set the tone for everyone that serves beneath them) have tenure does not change anything about what I have said. If anything all it does is concentrate power in the hands of fewer and fewer people ensuring that they have even greater sway over everything.
I have seen professorships that are low paid, with PhD's that work for less than what they could make in fast food when you factor in the number of hours. This is common in academia from my conversations with people in other institutions when I worked in the environment.
The fact that you have a large number of overly qualified people chasing far too many paying positions only enforces my point about the disconnect between the real world and academia. The problem has been created by a system in which there fields in which there are effectively no jobs due to over-saturation of the market. The result is that if you want to have any chance of having your degree actually be used in your professional career you must work at one of these jobs and compete where you can easily have 100 like qualified people in identical situations per job. If those kinds of numbers were being used at a vocational school the Federal Government would shut the program down for being unsuitable. It's a pyramid much like a multi-level marketing scheme, only your working with students, teaching positions and the very rare tenured position at the top.
There is nothing ignorant about my post, I saw students at my University realize with horror the uselessness of some their degrees for years. I watched academics fight for positions and saw everything that I described to you from a position as an administrator. I also have sheer statistics in terms of millions of workers that are underemployed, out of work or working in a field that does not match their degree. You can easily Google the statistics, the number in the millions.
Tenure is one of the most destructive things to ever happen to higher education. The entire concept is much akin to the widely reviled stacked ranking that many corporations have started to use in their ranks. The entire concept is that whoever wins the political / popularity contest at the educational institute is rewarded with tenure.
The result of the tenure system is political backstabbing, a good old boy (girl) club, group think that literally requires the death of the elders to change. Because the existing staff with tenure are often the ones to choose the new they do everything they can to ensure that even upon their death that things still will change as little as possible. Since the leadership of departments can't be fired the result is an elitist entitlement attitude where because doesn't have to answer to the real world and a feeling that should be isolated from it, no matter how callous their actions.
An academic institution that is isolated from the real world with tenure will become so separated from reality that term 'Ivory Tower' was coined to describe the phenomenon. The net result is that they do not serve society or their students, instead serving only themselves. Without checks and balances a department can become more and more self feeding on their own dogma each year. Because they do not ever have to interact or answer to the real world their coursework and degrees become more and more disconnected from the real world and students continue to be granted degrees irrespective of whether or not they will ever be able to use them.
The results are hardly academic when society suffers from a large influx of college graduates that receive degrees that have absolutely no value outside of academia. The results have been overwhelming with recent college graduates finding that their college degrees are often worthless, even when granted by well known Universities. Millions of college graduates have discovered themselves working jobs at places like retail or fast food when they had a harsh reality check that their degree was worthless. These graduates are now being tasked with repaying a four year degree with a McJob, a task that cannot be done. With crushing debt and chronic underemployment the student loan crisis in America is arguably the next mortgage collapse.
In Europe unemployment rates among college graduates are at record levels with many graduates lucky to find jobs doing things in supermarkets or factories. Finding a job in your field often requires getting a job literally without pay for a couple years just to get experience so that you might have something that will apply to the real world for the employer.
I never disregarded altruism, in fact I explicitly covered it in my grandparent post:
You can have sponsors that donate time and materials, you have generic ads, volunteers to a certain point
I have nothing against altruism, at a personal level I have volunteered for charity work for many years. In fact I have even taken a pay cut to serve in a professional capacity in an environment that needed people. However there is nothing about this that changes the fact that you still have expenses such as those that I have listed. Let me make my point with the National Blood Marrow Donor program which is pretty non-political and receives a lot of volunteer efforts, donations and services that are donated by altruistic people, companies and government agencies.
Read through their IT department career website and you'll notice that they have IT needs as sophisticated as any company. They have expenses that include things like professionals with security, HIPAA and other practices. I can assure you that even for a program as necessary and heart warmingly approved by just about everybody as the NMDB that they still have substantial expenses.
In fact when your benefiting from Altruism your often on a very short leash by your benefactor to justify your expenses. I've done things like work with grants from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. I've worked with IT in education where grants were a form (if not the only form) of income for a program and we have to carefully track that programs expenses. I can promise you that grants require an operational model of income and expenses, saying we're going to get by on Altruism is a really good way to never get a grant.
I can also guarantee you that after spending a fair amount of time working with non-profits and educational institutions in a professional capacity that they have the very expenses that I listed above. Any website of any size will require those expenses, those that benefit from altruism do nothing but shift where the expense is being paid from.
I stand by my point, you cannot have a functioning website that operates without expenses and those expenses must be paid for in some manner.
Are you trying to make my point for me?
Linux has easily had billions of dollars in development costs over it's life and easily costs hundreds of millions of dollars per year. Linux gets by on donated servers, hardware, millions of donated hours of labor, countless patents that are donated and on and on. Open source companies are just as expensive as closed source companies, only they wrap their costs into maintenance instead of licenses.
Open source companies aren't alive through good will, they are live because they charge money, they simply do it in different ways. Take Firefox, they get over 80% of their money through advertising revenue from Google.
Linux is as far from free as possible, and exists as a community effort because people, companies and government agencies actively contribute to it's costs. These companies do so because it is in their mutual best interest to do so (the overwhelming majority of Linux code is written by large corps). My point about the costs stand, the costs are overwhelmingly donated.
Tell you what, why don't you have a conversation with one of the developers or Linus sometime and suggest that Linux is without cost. However when you really get down to brass tacks, Linux isn't a product, it's a philosophy.