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Comment Re:Aren't these already compromised cards? (Score 2) 269

Apple Pay is built on top of standardized front-end payment infrastructure, and competing systems can be (and are being) built on that infrastructure as well. It's analogous to being able to visit, say, either Google or Bing from the same computer; the world doesn't need to agree on a single standard search engine if multiple search engines can be accessed via the same front-end (in that case, the web browser and user's Internet connection), and in fact user choice is better enabled if it doesn't.

Comment Re:Hmmmm..... (Score 1) 269

To be clear, the fraud here isn't in the technical implementation in Apple Pay, it's in the card verification procedures, which Apple deliberately leaves entirely up to banks. Each bank can do as much or as little verification as it wants, or even do different amounts of verification on a card-by-card basis if they like (based on a risk profile of a particular customer or whatever). So, bailing on Apple Pay isn't really in the cards here. Some banks clearly misjudged what the rate of fraud would be if they only did minimal card verification, but they can change that whenever they want to.

Comment Re:does not compute (Score 1) 203

So in scenario 3, the server load is even higher: page contents, plus thumbnail, plus high res image after all of that. The same fact holds true, that the change very well could result in a reduction in bytes served, and the final outcome depends on how user interaction plays out after the change as compared to how it did before.

Comment Re:Monogenism (Score 1) 528

Not that your question has no merit at all, but I think you're a bit more sure of yourself on the settled nature of monogenesis vs. polygenesis than the scientific community is in general. As far as I know, the current trend actually is to believe that a single point origin of modern humans in eastern Africa is not only possible but likely. Not to mention that if we're talking about a long process of evolution with many similar, related, human-like primates in the recent history of the world it isn't necessarily obvious that the scientific "modern human" corresponds exactly with the theological "mankind".

Comment Re:does not compute (Score 1) 203

I suppose, if there is no "page that contains the full resolution image" in the first place. I guess Google image search is most likely smart enough to be following links that look like they're going to another version of the image, assuming they're true links and not lightbox loader script click events. As for having a clue about web design, most amazing example of this I've seen recently was when I was looking for huge images with Google, and landed on some sort of corporate blog type web site that took an extraordinary amount of time to load, only to finish and have the image nowhere in sight. It seemed to be very close to what I wanted for some wallpaper or whatever I was after, so I took the time to look more closely at the code, and found buried in a side panel in some minor place on the page a spot for a thumbnail image set to display at 111.32 x 74.36 (yes, the styled size was specified as a decimal number of pixels). The actual file set as the img src, OTOH, was 11,132 x 7436 and 10.5 MB in size. This one image, despite being a tiny, inconsequential part of the whole page design, was causing a page to take probably close to a minute to load that could have been served in a second or two even on the slow server they seemed to have...and then you couldn't even see the image in the end anyway, because Chrome apparently can't handle resizing a 10.5 MB image to 1% of its height and width and successfully display it.

Comment Re:does not compute (Score 3, Informative) 203

It isn't as obvious as you make it sound. Scenario 1: Google links to your page. People who want your image click through, your server throws them the whole page plus the high resolution image. Scenario 2: Google links only to your image. People who want your image download just that, your server sends them just that. All else being the same, scenario 2 is less bandwidth, not more, because you'd be serving the same image either way, but in one case with and in the other case without all the other stuff on the page as well. It's entirely possible for it to add up to more, but this depends on how the new search affects people's usage of the results- it requires that more people actually click to view the full-resolution image as a result of the changes. That's a likely, but not necessary outcome.

Comment Re:Quality of evidence (Score 3, Insightful) 528

Here's the thing about evidence and verifiability. Science is a framework which has proven extremely useful, for good reason. It distills out a sort of best practices for a kind of practical philosophy of approach that results in its practitioners being able to make more effective predictions about the universe around them. I would hope anyone interested in truth of any sort is keenly attentive to the benefits of exploring the world scientifically.

But the problem is that this is not enough. We are forced to live in all the dimensions of life, constantly, many of which are partly or entirely made up of decisions and beliefs (or at least tentative beliefs) for which we have no choice but to rely on unfalsifiable, unprovable hypotheses. I would venture to propose that most of our everyday decisions about how to live our lives, what to pursue, how to interact with other people, what is worth spending a life on, what is good and what is bad...basically our entire set of operating assumptions about the meaning of our lives is untestable, because we can't step outside of those lives, we can't see them from an objective point of view, we can't repeat conditions, we don't live consistently enough to isolate any of the possibilities as we'd have to do in order to measure things in a controlled test, and we won't be around in the end to see whether we were right (nor is there is any obvious way of measuring this even from the perspective of the "end of the story"). Plus, well, once we're dead, the outcome is not helpful, so we all live according to our best estimation of what life is about.

This doesn't by any means demonstrate that a particular faith of any sort has a basis in truth. The point is that there is no choice but to live by faith, because the knowledge we have about the whole deal, or even that we can possibly acquire in time to make any difference, is miniscule. The faith we're holding to might not be religious or deistic in any way, but no matter who we are, we're living according to some operating assumptions, and putting enough faith in them to make decisions based upon them, letting our lives slip away having applied them irrevocably to one or another path. And so, knowing that there is utterly no way to apply the framework of science to all of the matters concerning us, we have no choice but to use other methods of exploration as well, in order to build anywhere near complete enough a working model of how things are. Philosophy, theology, these are just that sort of exploration: ways of searching for understanding in the midst of this situation. One can't live without them, live "only by science", any more than one can make a successful and worthwhile journey by car taking into account only those truths that are clearly visible within the small bit of road directly illuminated by one's headlights.

(Even worse would be to insist that only the things that can be illuminated by headlights exist at all. Occam's Razor often gets shoved into the "science vs. religion" debates in a way that doesn't work. It's a very useful expression of the mentality one uses within science because it creates methodical practice out of what could be chaos. What it is not is any kind of proof of how things actually are. It is helpful to investigation to avoid multiplying entities unnecessarily. But is it true that there are no entities beyond those which are required to explain the currently visible portion of a phenomenon? We can't actually make that kind of positive assertion without resorting to exactly the kind of unfalsifiable truth claim that science supposedly doesn't care much for.)

But interesting you should mention critical peer review- in this area you'll not find theology wanting, at least not when it comes to trying. There is not a doctrine out there that isn't dissected, taken apart, put back together every which way, and run through the rigorous gauntlet of critical review, in many cases hundreds or thousands of years of such review. Of course, the whole thing lacking some of what you bring up (verifiability, etc.), this critical examination is hobbled somewhat in its ability to definitively rule out bad theories, but certain things still do apply; for instance, subjecting arguments to expectations concerning logic.

That definitely doesn't answer all of the pieces of your question, it is more a set of thoughts sparked by that question.

Comment Re:Provoking (Score 1) 1130

Though I do agree, by the way, that "gun nuts" shouldn't be equated with trained snipers. By far most of the people really obsessed with the awesomeness of guns and how awesome it would be to defend their houses with them against jackbooted FBI or military thugs (or who fantasize about going and shooting up someplace) are just idiots who have fantasies of their own ultimate soldier credentials, and who in many cases don't even know how to properly operate guns, much less use them effectively. And thank God for that, because it does mean that most of them, whether they're gangbangers or classroom shooters, kill a lot fewer of their targets than you'd expect in a contest between unarmed people and a heavily armed person. The United States does have a lot of trained gun owners, though: millions of military veterans.

Comment Re:Provoking (Score 1) 1130

"why the US lost in Iraq" has a rather large, built-in, non-self-evident premise. Considering the flow of the war, from the perspective of someone who had a family member there for extended periods three times at different points, one sees a rapid military victory, followed by an ill-planned occupation that therefore had to deal with a growing insurgency...that then itself gradually was cut down, leaving Americans eventually with a quite low casualty rate, but unsure what to do with the country they had conquered, unwilling to pay the costs necessary to hold onto it indefinitely or really commit to nation-building. Neither is it true that the people "did not support the invading U.S. forces at all." Deciding not to occupy a nation forever that the U.S. never planned to occupy forever does not equate to "lost". The only real sense in which you could claim the US "lost" there is that it is leaving behind an unstable mess of a nation which is at least as likely to fail as to become stable and safe. That may ultimately make the adventure a foolish one from a long-term geopolitical standpoint, or at least foolishly planned and directed in terms of ever reaching the goals its originating commander-in-chief might have imagined for it. But this kind of failure isn't exactly a military loss in the way you seem to suggest.

Comment Re:Provoking (Score 1) 1130

And you aren't playing under the same cost/benefit equation? Is it worth the fairly likely cost of the lives of several fellow insurgents or innocent bystanders to disable a tank for a matter of hours, only to see it back in action the next day? This is how occupiers can be successful- the price paid by insurgents is usually much, much higher.

Comment Re:No no no and no (Score 1) 183

Not sure that's quite fair, the quote wasn't "one need only look at the new Google Mail conclude a new direction is widespread," but "to view the effects of" the new direction. In other words, in the sentence you quote, GMail is being proposed as an example of this trend, not as wholly sufficient evidence for it.

Stem Cells Turn Hearing Back On 101

puddingebola sends this excerpt from an article at ScienceNow: "Scientists have enabled deaf gerbils to hear again — with the help of transplanted cells that develop into nerves that can transmit auditory information from the ears to the brain. The advance, reported today in Nature, could be the basis for a therapy to treat various kinds of hearing loss. ... Rivolta and his colleagues knew that during embryonic development, a handful of proteins, including fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 3 and 10, are required for ears to form. So they exposed human embryonic stem cells to FGF3 and FGF10. Multiple types of cells formed, including precursor inner-ear hair cells, but they were also able to identify and isolate the cells beginning to differentiate into the desired spiral ganglion neurons. Then, they implanted the neuron precursor cells into the ears of gerbils with damaged ear neurons and followed the animals for 10 weeks. The function of the neurons was restored.'"

Comment Won't be surprising to see a spike? (Score 5, Insightful) 77

Literally every time there's some new bit of Mac malware, we see a chorus of predictions in the form of "This is it, now the floodgates are going to open!" This has been going on for years, and these predictions have all been wrong. There are a couple of a new threats a year, and there isn't actually any particular reason to believe we're on the cusp of a dramatic non-linear increase.

The easiest way to figure the cost of living is to take your income and add ten percent.