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Comment: systemd fails at reliability and fault-tolerance (Score 2) 469

by octogen (#47963061) Attached to: Fork of Systemd Leads To Lightweight Uselessd
My main problem with systemd is the lack of robustness in its design and implementation. It seems like an attempt at reimplementing Solaris' SMF, but poorly. Even the SMF itself could probably be called 'overengineered', however, it is certainly a more sophisticated, less monolithic design that provides a much higher level of fault-tolerance.

systemd is basically a huge pile of modules compiled into the PID 1 init process. The problem with that is, that if PID 1 dies, the system stops (e.g., kernel panic). On Solaris, a small basic init process starts the SMF master restarter (svc.startd), which is responsible for starting, stopping or restarting the other components of the SMF as well as all services managed by the SMF. If a component of the SMF fails (maybe it just dies/SEGVs, or say, you kill it, cause it hangs), the master restarter will respawn it. Even if the master restarter goes south, that small basic init process will respawn the entire SMF, and you're still up and running.

Then, let's take a look at the implementation of systemd:
static int socket_spawn(Socket *s, ExecCommand *c, pid_t *_pid) {
_cleanup_free_ char **argv = NULL;

...snip...
r = socket_arm_timer(s);
if (r < 0)
goto fail;

...snip... (function call with lots of undocumented arguments, returning r)
if (r < 0)
goto fail;

r = unit_watch_pid(UNIT(s), pid);
if (r < 0)
/* FIXME: we need to do something here */
goto fail;

*_pid = pid;
return 0;

fail: s->timer_event_source = sd_event_source_unref(s->timer_event_source);
return r;
}

Actual code from systemd-216; see full source at src/core/socket.c

Most of the systemd source code looks like this.
Virtually no comments; lots of single-letter variable names, confusingly similar names like "_pid" and "pid"; throwing 'int' return codes back up five calls, where the original caller cannot even remember what all the possible return codes might be (how about enum?); lots of arbitrary goto- and return-jumps out of the middle of somewhere; lots of break and continue, even mixed in the same loop; even substantial amounts of three-star-programming (never heard of it? google it, it's funny); etc.

Okay, I have to add, that the code of lots of the "good, old, reliable UNIX codebase" does not look a lot better (and upstart, or even the Linux kernel, are guilty of at least some of the same bad coding habits). But we have paid the price for writing code that way numerous times, and it seems we did not learn from history.

Coding like that is probably okay if you're writing a nice, little command line utility. But if systemd wants to be THE new init system, it had better look like it had been written by the inventor of reliability engineering.

Right now, the systemd source looks like it violates virtually all of the best practices for writing reliable code. Take a look at what those people who know their craft recommend - e.g., the Federal Aviation Association, European Space Agency, Lockheed Martin's avionics section, etc. - and compare that to systemd's source.

It's like a disaster waiting to happen.

Comment: Formal design, fail-closed programming, etc. (Score 1) 333

by octogen (#38571330) Attached to: Ask Slashdot: Writing Hardened Web Applications?
Design your application and implement your code to let it do exactly what it should do and nothing else.

Put more specificaly, if you want to add two numbers, make sure that there is no way the result could be out of the range of its data type. If you want someone to enter a name for something, define what that string can contain - maybe only a to z, A to Z, 0 to 9, and it must have a length from 1 to 20 bytes.

Write every function of your program so that it has deterministic behavior, and that it has a clearly defined result for every possible input.

By the way, I doubt that banking account management systems are as secure as people might feel comfortable to think they are. Most commercial systems have poor security, because companies prefer cheap but insecure mainstream IT systems over expensive but secure custom IT systems.

Comment: Maximum profit (Score 1, Insightful) 210

by octogen (#38562356) Attached to: NYT: IBM PC Division Sold To Advance China's Goals
The IBM home page tells me about IBM's "responsibility" regarding things like:
societal issues
the environment
education
health
culture
(http://www.ibm.com/ibm/responsibility/index.html -- also click the links on the left, for example about politics)

But what's more important, is how to be good friends with chinese dictators who don't give a shit about any of the topics mentioned above, so as to make more $$$ by doing business with china.

I doubt that acting like this is going to turn this world into a "smarter planet".

Comment: It is not about scripting alone (Score 1) 427

by octogen (#36053308) Attached to: Ask Slashdot: Moving From *nix To Windows Automation?
This is a more complex problem than what scripting language you are going to use. Automating things is about job management, process management, signals, connecting streams and terminals, setting device modes, filesystem permissions, modifying network settings, and many other things. Unix is designed in a way that lets you change almost every property of the system in numerous ways, following general principles of its architecture. It is a very logical and consistent system.

The problem is that Windows lacks such an modular, abstract foundation. It is a much more arbitrary and inflexible system, it is not designed for putting different pieces of it together in different ways for automation.
For example, on Unix you have numerous small utilities that work together nicely by piping the output of one utility into the input of another one. Windows is really bad at doing such things, and the output format of most of its utilities is not easily machine parseable.

I think, the question is not: How do I automate Windows? The question should be: What system should I use, which one is good at automation?
And the answer is definately Unix, not Windows.

Comment: Open letter to Microsoft (Score 1) 344

by octogen (#35570206) Attached to: Microsoft Continues Android Legal Assault
I just tried to post that to MS' TechNet article, but it seems that the comment function has been disabled. So I am posting it here as an open letter to MS.

Two ot the most ridiculous so-called patents:

"Enable display of a webpage’s content before the background image is received"
"Permit users to easily select text in a document and adjust that selection"

How is that a patent-worthy innovation? Just about EVERY application that has ever been created works like that, and any programmer that writes code different from what has been described in these patents should really look for a new job.

If Microsoft thinks that this is not "standard practice", but patent-worthy innovation, then this only proves that Microsoft's software designers and programmers must have below-average abilities.

I request that you folks stop trolling the rest of the world with such ridiculous claims immediately. If you want to compete, then work on increasing your skills instead of trying to forbid other people to make use of theirs.

Comment: Re:So much for build quality... (Score 1) 531

by zzg (#35345628) Attached to: New MacBook Pro Teardown Reveals 'Shoddy Assembly'

I believe that is the difference between a US keyboard and an english international keyboard, at least with apple equipment. Here in .at you can actually select between those two and the german qwertz, since about a year I think.

FWIW, I kinda prefer the "vertical" orientation of the enter key.

Comment: 2 hour Pixar course (Score 1) 294

by octogen (#35289092) Attached to: Trying To Lure Suckers, Company Resells Open Source Blender

"Learn how to create cutting-edge 3D animations like Pixar and Dreamworks in the next 2 hours or less..."

Well, if that IllusionMage homepage had slashdot's "score" feature, this statement would certainly deserve a "+5: funny". They can't be serious!? I've never seen anyone who has created something more exciting than a couple of textured spheres and cubes in no more than 2 hours after starting to use Blender for the very first time.

Comment: Re:Just wanted to ask (Score 1) 424

by zzg (#35219854) Attached to: Nokia Shareholders Fight Back

Then our experiences match, we just wanted different things. I wanted to use the incoming sip for being available where I have WiFi but no cell coverage (my flat). For outgoing calls I have europe wide free minutes. Oh well, I ended up using a X-link bttn to solve the problem at home. Other places I need to remember checking the sip status.

btw. The N900 sip implementation seems more reliable.

Comment: Just wantet to ask (Score 1) 424

by zzg (#35219582) Attached to: Nokia Shareholders Fight Back

do you use the sip functionality exclusively for outgoing calls?

I have a E52 which I bought primarily for the sip client, but I've found that it's worthless for incoming calls, since it will get disconnected at irregular intervals and thus not available for incoming calls. I have been unable to find workarounds, even a scheduled reboot would help but seems require a signing certificate on my part.

Can it be that the earlier sip implementations worked better? (keeping an eye open for a cheap E71)

Crime

Prison Cell Phone Smuggling Out of Control 428

Posted by Soulskill
from the how-else-can-they-play-angry-birds dept.
Hugh Pickens writes writes "KCRA reports that the number of contraband cell phones discovered in California state prisons has exploded as prison guards, staff and vendors are cashing in on smuggled phones that can fetch between $200 and $800. Although the large majority of inmates are using the phones to stay in contact with loved ones, there have been documented cases of escape attempts, drug deals and conference calls coordinated via smuggled cell phones. 'The potential is there for the worst kind of activity,' says Folsom Prison Warden Rick Hill. Even Charles Manson has been caught with a cellphone smuggled to him. 'We know the problem is out of control,' says State Senator Alex Padilla, who has proposed making such smuggling illegal in hopes of stopping the continued rise of contraband cell phones in prison."

Comment: aldi? (Score 2, Informative) 153

by zzg (#31449948) Attached to: Best Pre-Paid Data Plan For a Visit To Germany?

http://www.billiger-telefonieren.de/aldi-surfstick-flatrate-webstick/

Sorry, link is in german, maybe babelfish will help out.

I have the austrian "hofer" equivalent, which is a pure data prepaid. It seems to work slightly differently in germany, where it's an addition to a prepaid voice sim. I'd acctually prefer the german style, but oh well.

I'd recommend combining it with a S60(or Maemo) Joikuspot compatible handset, that way you can use the voice part as well.

If God had a beard, he'd be a UNIX programmer.

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