Hi, I think that you have given a reasonable topology. I seriously doubt any simple explanation for passing between stage to the other, or even if it can be done. For example:
(4) probably requires brain damage (a tumor) or some genetics as the major causal factor -- but still one amongst many.
(3), most happy people, with "normal" thought processes actually let their thoughts and behaviours dictate their opinions and likes, as opposed to the other way around. I remember having an interesting discussion with such a person at school: not everyone has the luxury of just trusting their thoughts in this way.
(2) is definitely problematic way to deal with intrusive thoughts
and can become pathological for the individual. Still, I believe that not everyone taught about good and evil will adopt this strategy, and that people who are not taught about good an evil will still adopt the strategy. We all implicitly label (pretty much every) thought as good and bad. Really this is on a spectrum of cognitive styles, which almost certainly has genes as a major causal factor. (See Turkheimer link in previous post.)
(1) is a healthy way to deal with intrusive thoughts, so my thoughts are covered above.
Thanks for sharing and letting me think about this.