It might not be "official", but I think the mainstream European system of law is usually referred to as "civil law".
Good idea. If you've set the password on the hard drive, moving it to a different machine won't help.
Based on the summary, it's a completely wrong headed approach that leads to endlessly redefining terms. When this debate first started I thought it was a lot more clear: it's okay to prioritize based on protocols but it's not okay to prioritize based on source/destination.
Not sure why they're making it so complex now.
Also, according to wolfram alpha, there are approximately 115.2M people employed in the United States. The loan was for $465M. This averages out to $4.04 per taxpayer. Not a whole lot to take off now is it?