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Linux and Multiple Internet Uplinks: a New Tool 80

Posted by Soulskill
from the fault-tolerance-for-all dept.
New submitter Alessandro Zarrilli writes: Linux has been able do multipath routing for a long time: it means being able to have routes with multiple gateways and to use them in a (weighted) round-robin fashion. But Linux is missing a tool to actively monitor the state of internet uplinks and change the routing accordingly. Without it, from a LAN perspective, it's like having a RAID-0: just one uplink goes down and all of your LAN-to-WAN traffic goes down too. Documentation and examples on the subject are lacking; existing solutions are few and deeply integrated in firewall/routing specific distributions. To address these issues, a new standalone tool was just released: Fault Tolerant Router. It also includes a complete (iptables + ip policy routing) configuration generator.

Comment: Re:Photos being separated (Score 5, Interesting) 145

by koinu (#49164281) Attached to: Google+ Divided Into Photos and Streams, With New Boss

1) Google+ is probably not for friends, but for interesting people/companies/organizations/topics who you want to follow.

2) You can easily post a link which aggregates well with Facebook (this is probably the social network for people like friends and family, who you really don't want to follow, but only want to brag to about what you just ate and how cool your new mobile phone is).

Comment: Re:One strike (Score 1) 248

by koinu (#49087837) Attached to: Lenovo Allegedly Installing "Superfish" Proxy Adware On New Computers
I can be faster, and it is faster. At least my Windows XP that I need for some exotic old applications runs noticeably faster than from what I can remember on real hardware. Why can it be so? Because a virtual machine does not have that much hardware/devices like a real box. It can also optimize I/O of any kind with intelligent buffering of well-known access patterns (I don't know if it does it, but why else would vbox ask you what system you want to install in a given virtual machine?).

Comment: Re:Will it run my databases and dev tools? (Score 1) 393

by koinu (#49072663) Attached to: PC-BSD: Set For Serious Growth?

Just because you are some software vendors' bitch, it does not mean that other systems not running it are not professional.

When you have your dumb Windows-based utilities, use Windows. What problem do you have with it? I also use Windows XP (32 bit) in Virtualbox, because I need some crappy old software bundled to an old USB hardware, that is all not supported anymore, but my main system is still FreeBSD/amd64.

Comment: Re:The basic problem that linux and the BSDs have (Score 1) 393

by koinu (#49072609) Attached to: PC-BSD: Set For Serious Growth?

Find me something that competes with the features and enterprise support of Exchange, Office, Lync, Sharepoint, Outlook ... that runs on Linux.

Unfortunately, I don't know any of these utilties except "Office" which is easily replaced by LibreOffice. The fact that I don't know them lies in the nature that don't solve anything of value for me. Maybe I am working differently from others. Instead of telling me product names, tell me what you do (I also don't want to know what you do with the products; it is wrong to describe your problems by providing me wrong approaches for solutions). There are plenty of solutions that can be used and you can also develop some for yourself for your special purpose.

What I need more is a reasonable terminal application, Xmonad as a desktop (UTF-8 support), easy integration of gnupg into a mailclient, I need ssh, tmux, text-based vim, a text-based IRC client, a full compiler suite which is ready-to-use. I also need inspection tools for all my system components. And I need a reasonable way to manage time (UTC), so when I travel around the world, I just setup the timezone and not the time itself.

And now tell me, I should install CygWin, because I don't know this poorly emulated Windows crapability layer.

Comment: Re:Unlikely (Score 1) 393

by koinu (#49072551) Attached to: PC-BSD: Set For Serious Growth?

Take a look at FreeBSD Gnome, for example. I am sure that their patches to make Gnome portable again flow back upstream.

When someone develops an desktop environment that does not restrict users to Linux, you should expect from them to make the system portable. The work to make it run should be minimal.

Wayland is being ported to FreeBSD, too. It is a bit useless though, because of Linuxisms in libinput and Weston.

OpenSSH is portable. This is the difference between Linux and BSD developers. BSD developers stick to the Unix concepts and portability has a high value here. Linux developers invent (mostly already existing) solutions by themselves, multiple times, multiple times in a wrong way and mostly for themselves, because... most Unices/BSDs already have the solutions for the problems and why should they accept something that has to be ported with a lot of effort? It is only being done with things that are worth to port.

Comment: Re:Reboot for Systemd (Score 1) 117

by koinu (#49045803) Attached to: Live Patching Now Available For Linux

*waits for Systemd flamewar to break out*

Ok, I'll try...

Of course, as long as the kernel is patching itself, systemd will take over the kernel's role and keep your system running. Until next year, then the kernel won't get patches anymore, because systemd will fork it's own kernel service systemd-kerneld which will make Linux standalone kernel irrelevant.

Open Source

Is Modern Linux Becoming Too Complex? 716

Posted by Soulskill
from the do-it-yourself-after-several-years-of-intensive-study dept.
An anonymous reader writes: Debian developer John Goerzen asks whether Linux has become so complex that it has lost some of its defining characteristics. "I used to be able to say Linux was clean, logical, well put-together, and organized. I can’t really say this anymore. Users and groups are not really determinitive for permissions, now that we have things like polkit running around. (Yes, by the way, I am a member of plugdev.) Error messages are unhelpful (WHY was I not authorized?) and logs are nowhere to be found. Traditionally, one could twiddle who could mount devices via /etc/fstab lines and perhaps some sudo rules. Granted, you had to know where to look, but when you did, it was simple; only two pieces to fit together. I've even spent time figuring out where to look and STILL have no idea what to do."

Comment: Re:My FreeBSD Report: Four Months In (Score 5, Informative) 471

by koinu (#48968213) Attached to: Systemd Getting UEFI Boot Loader

FreeBSD user here since over a decade. Welcome.

You haven't seen FreeBSD crash? It only means that you haven't seen enough, yet. FreeBSD is a great system and I recommend it to everyone who can manage it, but you don't need to mention stability as a feature, because it is not the highlight about FreeBSD. You don't install a system and watch how stable it is, but how useful it is (for you and your special requirements).

The best thing about FreeBSD are the FreeBSD Ports and how much commitment there is to make every possible application work on the system. You have basically far more possibilities and options than on Linux distributions thanks to the great job they are doing on this system.

A second point is that it is easier to feel comfortable on the system, because the whole thing is consistent and easy to understand, provided you take some time and learn about the concepts.

Comment: Re: UFS vs ZFS (Score 1) 75

by koinu (#48875531) Attached to: Book Review: FreeBSD Mastery: Storage Essentials

You are partially right. I miss the good old dump/restore tools for ZFS, but zfs send/receive do their job (in a limited fashion) well.

I see ZFS as the best option to run larger systems. I've had some problems with it when it was still experimental on FreeBSD, but at the moment it is running fine. I had to replace 2 faulty drives recently. It was painless and has not cost me any bit of lost data. I cannot complain, because there is one administrative problem less that I have to care about.

Comment: Re: UFS vs ZFS (Score 1) 75

by koinu (#48856623) Attached to: Book Review: FreeBSD Mastery: Storage Essentials

It is not the task of a filesystem to recover data, but to keep the data as consistent as possible. UFS does not have any protections against bit rot or against hardware failures, so you'll never know if data is broken.

Data recovery is done with backups (which you'll always have, if the data is important for you). There is no way around it.

How exactly does fsck help, if it shows structural inconsistencies to you? It says "blabla... CLEAR [y/n]?" and when you press "y" something is lost and when you say "n"... the filesystem is still broken. And second thing is that when data is gone, it is gone on UFS and if you cannot describe (reliably!) in 5 lines on a display what is gone/affected, the user should always assume that a restore from backup is needed. And how exactly will UFS know if/what data is gone when it even cannot check its consistency? When you are lucky, you'll notice that libc is gone right after a reboot. When have bad luck, your system will notice a lot later that you valuable data is gone and your backups have been already overwritten because the backup tapes/disks are reused after a month or so.

Comment: Re: UFS vs ZFS (Score 1) 75

by koinu (#48854419) Attached to: Book Review: FreeBSD Mastery: Storage Essentials
ZFS has got "self-healing" and does not need fsck. It will probably destroy more data while a user cannot give hints with "y" or "n" during self-healing, but the filesystem will become stable and available. ZFS can of course become unrecoverable, like UFS can be un-fsck-able, because essential meta data might have become destroyed. You'll always need backups for important filesystems, no matter if it is UFS or ZFS, everything can get FUBAR.

Obama Proposes 30-Day Deadline For Disclosing Security Breaches 125

Posted by Soulskill
from the assuming-you-discover-it-within-30-days dept.
Following the string of massive data breaches at major corporations, President Obama has called for legislation that would standardize how these incidents are disclosed to the public. "The Personal Data Notification and Protection Act would demand a single, national standard requiring companies to inform their customers within 30 days of discovering their data has been hacked. In a speech Monday at the Federal Trade Commission, Mr. Obama said that the current patchwork of state laws does not protect Americans and is a burden for companies that do business across the country. The president also proposed the Student Data Privacy Act, which would prohibit technology firms from profiting from information collected in schools as teachers adopt tablets, online services and Internet-connected software. And he will announce voluntary agreements by companies to safeguard home energy data and to provide easy access to credit scores as an “early warning system” for identity theft.
Open Source

Fluxbox 1.3.6 Released 63

Posted by Soulskill
from the onward-and-upward dept.
jones_supa writes: After nearly two years since the previous release, the Fluxbox team has released version 1.3.6 to start off the new year. Like most Linux geeks already know, Fluxbox is the long-standing X window manager derived from Blackbox. The new version (announcement) puts emphasis on quality assurance and takes care of fixing a bunch of critical bugs: clocktool problems, rendering long text, race condition on shutdown, lost keypresses after workspace switch, corruption of fbrun-history, and resize and move problems. The two new features are an ArrangeWindowsStack action and treating Windows with a WM_CLASS as DockApp as DockApps. Translations for Bulgarian, Hebrew and Japanese also got updates. The Fluxbox project sends many thanks to all the contributors.

Most public domain software is free, at least at first glance.