This was in the early part of the twentieth century, when there was a lot more interest in Esperanto worldwide. It probably is the case that there was at any rate more interest in it in Japan than you might have expected.
A study on anonymous hiring practices in France showed that anonymization resulted in fewer minority candidates getting hired. Their explanation is essentially that the companies who care enough about diversity to participate in this sort of study are already subtly biased in favor of minority candidates, and anonymization put a stop to it. Considering the amount of focus big tech companies are putting on diversity, there's a fair chance the same thing is happening here too.
The people in question call themselves Assyrians at the present day; there are some Akkadian words preserved in their Aramaic language even now, although Akkadian itself probably died out in the earlier part of the first millennium BC.
The name "Syriac" is itself from a worn-down version of the same name; it was once used pretty much as the equivalent of "Aramaic" but is now generallly used to describe only one particular version of Aramaic which was a major literary language of Western Asia in early Christian times, and is still used as a liturgical language by Nestorian Christians as far afield as India. The script is used to write several modern Aramaic languages spoken by Christians.
These ancient communities have suffered greatly in the Middle East wars of recent times, and a huge proportion have left as refugees.
Who says the Internet isn't educational?
Eventually their (Christian) descendants ended up speaking Aramaic like practically everyone else in the Near East at the time (it was the official language in the Western part of the Persian Empire); the modern Assyrian language is one of the many forms of modern Aramaic (now split into several different languages, much as Latin evolved into several different languages over much the same period) and this script is properly called Syriac, specifically Estrangela.
It doesn't actually say what "this extreme form" is, exactly. Presumably cut out in editing and nobody noticed that this was left stranded. There was probably a reference to so-called "high myopia", which does indeed cause people typically in their teens to go from the ordinary fully-corrected-with-glasses myopia to being much more so, with potential "myopic degeneration" of the retina. It's a mystery why this only happens to some myopes.
The figures are scaremongering. Although this has indeed been a notable public health problem for a good while - the government of Singapore has been concerned about it for over a decade - it is nonsense that 10% of student-age people will go blind from it.
I'm an ophthalmologist. I specialise in diseases of the retina.
Yeah I'd like some more meat to the story as well. Amazon Glacier achieves its pricing by using low-RPM consumer drives plugged into some sort of high-density backplanes; supposedly they are so densely packed that you can only spin up a few drives at once due to power and heat issues. Hence the delay.
I assume Google is doing something similar, maybe with somewhat better power or cooling since they're offering faster retrieval times which implies that perhaps they can spin up a higher percentage of drives at a time.
It's not a terribly serious setback in the history of space flight, but it could be a serious blow to Orbital.
Their whole program is built around the idea of using old surplus Soviet-era rocket engines, originally designed for the ill-fated N1 program. (The N1 program, as a sidenote, is responsible for one of the largest non-nuclear explosions in human history when one of its launch vehicles had a failure shortly after takeoff. On top of a zero-for-four launch record, it's not the program I'd pick to emulate.)
My understanding of the Soviet engines is that they have some design features that make them lightweight for their output, but represent tradeoffs not typically taken on Western engines, due to the risk of "burn through". But some people--perhaps including Orbital--thought that the designers had solved the problem and the risks were overstated.
Too early to tell right now, but if the engines turn out to have a fatal flaw, that would be bad for Orbital. It'd probably be good for SpaceX, since they're the obvious alternative, but it'd leave NASA down one contractor for the commercial launch program.