Isn't the temperature a result of high pressure? As in, if you jam enough atoms into a space eventually they have less room to move and get colder? I'm sort of basing this off observation of my air compressor relief valve and not science. Air duster canisters can generate frost. That kind of thing.
So pressurizing a bunch of hydrogen would mean if it ruptures and someone touches the canister, instant frostbite.
What about the "destroying everything it touches" part?
ps: I am a different AC than OP.
The Ideal Gas Law determines what happens to a gas under pressure: PV = nRT
Pressure is proportional to volume, so if you compress a gas it shrinks in volume until eventually it liquefies - but the point at which it does depends on the phase diagram for that particular gas. The properties change depending on the molecules.
If you release pressure quickly then it expands very rapidly and cools down. This is a function of thermodynamics. Similarly, if you compress a gas it will heat up for the same reason. This is common to all gases. Jamming the molecules in ever tighter will increase the temperature. Your air compressor heats up when it is compressing air because of this. When you let the pressure out, the temperature of the air drops rapidly.
Where things like hydrogen are special is that you can't liquefy them by simply pressurising it. You need to cool it down too - the triple point of hydrogen is about 22 K and the critical point is about 32 K - hydrogen simply can not be a liquid at any pressure unless the temperature is between these two values (22 K is -251 C or -420 F - cryogenically cold temperatures).
Any gas under pressure is a hazard - cylinders of nitrogen are pressurised to 300 bar and if one of those ruptures you're in a world of hurt, despite the fact that nitrogen itself is inert, but we routinely handle high pressure gasses in industrial and commercial environments. You take more precautions with a hydrogen cylinder (or any cylinder of flammable gas), but the handling procedures for flammables overlap a lot with the non-flammables like nitrogen and argon.