Yes, well, in the U.S. the Obama administration is doing exactly that. However, coal state Republicans are arguing the climate change issue isn't settled science because they can find a few whack job scientists that disagree about either its cause and certainly a few more about what to do about it. It isn't that the Republicans don't care about climate change, they just think that doing something about it will get them unelected and contribute to Big Government. The latter they are opposed to because it impacts their lifestyle of Do What You Want and Damn the Externalities.
Coal state Democrats want to have their cake and eat it too. They want carbon emission caps but they don't want it to impact jobs.
What both groups fail to understand is that it isn't Obama that is wiping out the coal industry in the U.S., it is natural gas and fracking. Meanwhile, the world plays Russian Roulette with carbon emissions. They feel lucky.
According to Wikipedia, there are "174,000 blue-collar, full-time, permanent jobs related to coal in the U.S." Personally, I think the U.S. should just buy them out and tell the Republicans to STFU.