I'm an extrovert, and I had that same reaction to the article. Ha ha.
Um, I do understand introverts pretty well, though. I think I've boiled the essence of the difference between extroverts and introverts down to cost. For an extrovert, the cost of speaking is either negative (your "spewing drivel all the time" kind) or zero (your "thinking out loud all the time" kind). For an introvert, the cost is positive, and sometimes very high. Introverts spend a lot of time determining either 1) the best way to say something, to minimize the cost of saying it overall, or 2) whether it's worth saying anything in the first place.
I'm convinced we need both kinds of people. Here's an example from one context. I once taught an entire class of introverts. It was horrendous. Nobody talked. I never got in-class feedback so that I could adjust the presentation on-the-fly. (I've since learned that partitioning the class into small groups can help. It lowers the cost of speaking.) I've also taught an entire class of extroverts. It was likewise horrendous. Everybody talked. We never got anywhere in the material. I've mostly taught classes with a mix of students, and that seems to work out the best. I get immediate feedback from the extroverts, and more thoughtful feedback from the introverts when they come to me for private help.
The thing I appreciate most about introverts is that I can count on something thoughtful from them, and I've learned to wait for it.