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Comment Re:science fiction (Score 3, Interesting) 21

To Dani's comment, I'll just add that, the day that an asteroid assay is done and proves that the thing is actually more than 1% platinum, or any other of the many proposed ways to make space economically interesting proves out, the land rush will be on. Private investment by institutions today is difficult because many of the business models are speculative, the terrain is unknown, the payout time frame of 10-20 years is way too long for VCs, who want to get paid in five or less. As soon as somebody shows that their business is more than a pipe dream, things will happen fast. But already the angel investors are working about a dozen deals per year in space-related startups. Many of these are for small companies that are already profitable or cash flow positive but don't have the cash to go to the next step. I look forward to when the majority of launches to LEO and beyond are for private commercial purposes.

Submission + - Wired has a story on the Integrated Space Plan's 100 year view of space planning->

garyebickford writes: Wired Magazine has posted an article about the new 2015 version of the Integrated Space Plan, updated 14 years after the last version and descended directly from the original 1989 version. The original one was printed in the thousands, distributed by Rockwell, and appeared on walls throughout the space industry. One even hung behind the NASA administrator's desk. The new one is prettier, great for dorm room walls and classrooms, and Integrated Space Analytics, the company behind it, promises to expand their website into an up-to-date, live interactive tool. This is a great new beginning after over 30 years.
Link to Original Source

Comment Those same executives are resistant to updating (Score 1) 122

The company I work for, Bright Plaza, has a SAAS that can almost eliminate the risk of phishing attacks and several other threats, while improving the user login experience. (It's a proof of knowledge SAAS that can support almost any type of proof of knowledge, from text and picture passwords to cognitive self tests and others.) And, based on the number of Lamborghini's at the Healthcare IT conferences, there's no lack of money available. Even more, the HIPAA lawas make it extremely expensive to expose clients' personal data. But from our attempts to to get healthcare companies to consider actually implementing, or installing even dirt simple new features, they have zero interest in actually doing anything about this. Like lemmings, they will either keep running their own systems (often dating back years), or if they're already sucked into one of the vendor systems will just wait until EPIC, or one of the other big three vendors, provides some new halfway measures.

Comment Re:Blimey (Score 1) 518

So a Thorium-based molten salt reactor fuel cycle, whose power levels can easily be throttled up and down (or even off), providing a few (hundred, thousand?) megawatts ... :) Or someday fusion or antimatter ...

Thorium is nice because it's only minimally radioactive, can be stored in huge piles without getting 'hot', and won't sustain a reaction without encouragement - hence throttling ability.

I think a ship with a multi-megawatt Thorium reactor could carry enough fuel to run for 100 years pretty easily.

Comment Re:Blimey (Score 1) 518

Well, it took 20 to 30 years (depending on POV) before Unix became the accepted OS. :) I can't think of one right now, but there have been many scientific theories and experimentally proven technologies that didn't get any love for decades. I'm not sure how difficult it would be to build one of these experiments, but they don't look that difficult from the tiny pictures I've seen. So I suspect that there are several folks right now trying to build a higher power version in their garages, and planning to pump a lot more power into the rig to see what happens. The maker types are less interested in getting the official scientific stamp of approval than in making something 'go'. So I'm optimistically awaiting the first hobbyist version that is hooked up to some supercapacitors and gets a megawatt jammed through it. Maybe it'll blow up, maybe it'll work, maybe it'll do nothing.

Comment Re:extracting "fuel" from the very fabric of space (Score 1) 518

Yes, IMHO that's a definite problem. It's very much like standing at the business end of a particle accelerator. As one approaches C that very thin interstellar gas is becoming much more like a bunch of cosmic rays. In the Great SF Novel that I think about writing, I figure I'll put a few hundred feet of water ice at the front end of the ship to absorb those. I'm not sure about 0.71c though - it's certainly better but I'm not sure how much better. One of the unknowns is how many actual rocks are out there as well ... is 100 feet of ice enough?

Comment Dear Valve - please try Kaje Picture Passwords (Score 1) 62

"Dear Valve: Please go to to see a solution to your authentication problem. The Kaje Picture Password SAAS removes all passwords from your website, eliminates transmission of passwords across the net - they are converted to an encrypted hash in the browser - and prevents phishing attacks. The Kaje SAAS never knows anything about the user, so there is no way (short of hacking two different operating systems run by two different companies on completely separate networks, at least one of which is designed to prevent even a hack from being useful) for a black hat to get the user's info and password or other Proof of Knowledge. Kaje has built-in features to prevent keyboard and mouse snooping as well, and the vendor works diligently to know nothing about the user. There is no more private and secure method for user authentication or step-up authorization. And since the user uploads his/her own test challenge (picture or other), it acts automatically as two-factor authentication - much better than that "site key" that some banks are using, while being easier to remember."

Proofs of Knowledge include picture passwords, text passwords, cognitive self-tests, Captcha's and a bunch of others. NB - I work for the company. The founder is also the inventor of Self Encrypting Drives and has several patents related to online security.

Comment Re:extracting "fuel" from the very fabric of space (Score 1) 518

A friend of mine points out that the only thing preventing us from colonizing the stars is the ability to generate 1G acceleration for a year, and do the same at the other end.

In one year at 1G a vehicle can be traveling at about 0.71c, which is an optimal speed for getting there quickly while minimizing the effect of time dilation - the traveler will only age about one less year in 16 vs. the observer.

From very long ago, I recall a similar calculation based on solar sails. IIRC if you can get 0.01G (= 0.1 m/s/s), you can achieve a significant fraction of C by the time you have gotten to the Oort Cloud. Quicky Wolfram Alpha : 3154 km/s or 7 million miles/hour. At 0.1G, that would be 31,540 km/sec = about 0.1c.

Comment Re:Blimey (Score 2, Informative) 518

Ahem ... that would be an _ostensible_ propulsion device, the working principle for which is (according to mainstream physicists) poorly described and violates commonly accepted physical principles. OTOH, I hope it works. I'll believe it when they cram a couple of megawatts in, and get it to lift its own weight - or better, 100 times its own weight.

I note that the Dr. Tajmar, the researcher whose name is on the paper, is still using terms like "... if true ...". This is not yet a tried-and-true propulsion device. The articles I saw just now did not show actual numbers, but the NASA experiment used such low power that the apparent thrust was well below several of the potentially confounding effects; i.e. the noise was much higher than the signal. It may still turn out to be the result of some experimental error, an unexpected issue with the apparatus, etc. Again though, one hopes. :)

Comment Re:Concorde 2.0 (Score 1) 238

I suppose more like 50 people all pissing at once, starting such that the water arrives at the ground before the expected time of arrival and continuing past that time.

By way of evidence (in addition to the facts from Viet Nam), long ago when I was young and foolish, some other young'uns and I were staying on the 12th floor of a hotel in NYC during a field trip. We started playing around with water in the wastebasket, and after a few tries were able to dump a bucket full of water out the window so that by the time it fell 12 floors, someone walking by got dosed. We had to drop the water when they had just stepped onto the curb from the street. They walked about 1/2 block during the drop. We nailed a couple of unfortunate sailors, and immediately closed the window and played dumb.

Comment Re:Lots of Luddites this morning (Score 1) 238

I've read that in practice, the weight of a bicycle in use doesn't vary - the lighter the frame & hardware, the heavier the lock required! :)

The price of carbon fiber has been a major factor, along with the difficulty of using it in manufacturing. Both of those have improved by orders of magnitude, and if one company I'm familiar with succeeds, they'll cut the cost of the fiber by another factor of 10 while greatly improving the quality. These incremental advances are truly changing the equations for many of the things you're pointing out.

As someone peripherally involved in "New Space", I'll say that the advances in technology really are making some of those fanciful ideas possible, even economically feasible. People right now are putting their money into those new ventures, and they're not doing it for entertainment but because the numbers pan out at least as well as many of the dotcom ventures. SpaceX has cut the cost of launch by 50% just by using well-tried industrial cost management methods - faced with exorbitant pricing for turbine pumps, the company built their own at 1/10 the cost. If the reusable first stage pans out, that will cut the cost by about another 1/2 (they think it will be better than that, but I think their long term costs will be higher as they transition their systems to support the more rigorous requirements of manned launches - that will affect all of their systems, even the unmanned launch ones.)

Another example, 3D printing has already proven itself with multiple different entities successfully printing components and even entire rocket engines, with costs and production times reduced by 90%.

Bottom line - much of the extremely high cost of space has been the government-run cost-plus market structure and extremely careful engineering practices. In fairness, I think this was necessary for the early days, but now we can move past that and into a more market-driven economic model with fixed prices on off-the-shelf products. Consider that development costs on a rocket engine are going to be on the order of a billion dollars, regardless of whether 10 or 10,000 of that engine are produced; but if 10,000 are built the amortized cost is $100,000 vs. $100,000,000 per engine.

If reusability pans out, the fuel cost of a launch is less than $500,000.

Prototype designs always work. -- Don Vonada