Sorry, but what planet do you live on? What you describe already occurs on a massive scale. Even in the US, a supposed "center right country", nearly all the taxes are paid by the workers in the top 40% of the income scale. Not 40% of citizens, or adults, or work age adults, or non-handicapped work age adults, but 40% of actually employed people. In the US, less than a third of the country is employed, and only a little more than half of work age adults are employed. So we are talking about 40% of 1/3 of he country that are paying nearly all the taxes... something under 15% of the country. Almost the entire remainder of the country, maybe 80%, are on the receiving end of the redistribution. This happens through tax credits (about 40% of tax filers receive more in tax refund than was withheld from their paycheck a thanks to tax credits that outweigh their tax liability), welfare, various subsidies like obsmacare, etc etc etc
I'm not sure how it works on Mars, but here on earth we have had thousands of politicians buy votes over the years by using government to steal money from wealthy people and give it to others, just in the way you say you wish we're the case.