Being an atheist I can't comment on a "protestant" work ethic. You do things you hate to surivive because most of us do not want to starve and die. Its as simple as that.
Why should a derivatives trader earn many times more than a sewage worker?
Its not because sewage work is not important. You don't understand the markets if you make this statement.
The sewage worker gets paid less because it requires little brain power and there are plenty of people that could do it. There are far fewer that can do derivatives trading.
Its more than need that drive price.
The reason I get paid alot to design IC's is not because it is more important than the guy cleans the toilet. Its because there are alot less people that can do this skilled labor and I spent 20 years of my life training my self to do it. I can learn to clean a toilet in about 10 minutes.
There's absolutely no reason why taxation and welfare can't continue to exist ad infinitum.
Because you can't consume more than you produce. Period. Sure, you can get away with for awhile when the group is large enough but over long timescales it doesn't work.
Sure, it sounds nice to pay people to sit around and b e arts-fartsy if they want to. That is the land of rainbows and unicorns. It the world where you die when you don't eat, these people need to figure how to fund their own interests.
Why should I have to work 60 hours a week making sure a supply chain is in order so that someone can do nothing and simply consume?
Sorry, the idea is still dumb. You have to go to work, even if you hate it, to keep your belly full and a roof over your head.
Sure, I feel we need basic arbitration in society (i.e. traffic lights, law enforcement, etc) and am more than willing to pay for this service.
I do not think we need to contribute to fund to people who do not wish to work.