Two aspects to your problem:
1) Recovering from the current situation
If you didn't make ANY changes to the filesystem after it was corrupted, you still have a chance with software like DiskWarrior or Stelar Phoenix. Never work on the original corrupted filesystem unless you have copies of it. So grab a second drive, connect it over USB and using hdiutil or dd copy it to the second drive. Once you do that, use DiskWarrior or Stelar Phoenix on either one of the copies, while keeping the other one intact. Always have an intact copy of the original FS. You might be successful trying multiple methods, so KEEP AN INTACT COPY.
2) Avoiding it in the future
NTFS is good at surviving a crash if and only if the crash occurs in Windows. Paragon NTFS for Mac/Linux or NTFS-3G don't use journaling to it's full extent (for both metadata and data). So, if you get a crash while in Mac OS X or Linux, chances are that you get data corruption.
Same goes for HFS+. While Mac OS X uses journaling on HFS+, Linux doesn't. It's read-only in Linux if it has journaling. Furthermore, the journaling is metadata only in HFS+.
Now we get to the last journaled filesystem available to all 3 OSs: EXT3. It's the same crap as above.
Because of the three points above, I have a conclusion: what you're looking for (ZFS) hasn't been invented on any of the OSs that you're using.
Thus, I have a simple recommendation:
Use ZFS in a VMware machine exported via CIFS/WebDAV/NFS/AFP to Linux, Windows or Mac OS X. A small FreeNAS VM with 256MB of RAM can run in VMWare Player and Workstation on Windows/Linux and Fusion on OS X.
ZFS uses checksumming on the filesystem blocks, which lets you know of the silent corruptions. Furthermore, by design, it will be able to roll-back any incomplete filesystem transactions. I've had my arse saved by ZFS more times than I care to remember. The most difficult thing for my home storage system is to find external disk arrays that give me direct access to all the disks (not their RAID crap). A proper home storage system is RAIDZ2 (basically RAID6) + Hot Spare.
Another way is to have a simple, TimeMachine-like backup solution on at least one of your operating systems. But even that doesn't catch silent data corruptions, let alone warn you. As such, we get back to: ZFS.